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Nutrition ch 8

Nutrition of the body

Vitamin A Aka Retinol.Retinoid acid & Retin-A are all examples of Retinoids
Vitamin B Nacin,Riboflavin,Thiamine,Pyridoxine,Folacin,Biotin( Vitamin B7 ),Cobalamine (Vitamin B12),Panthothenic acid (Vitamin B15).There are all examples of different kinds of Vitamin B
Micronutrients Aka: Vitamins. Are substances that have no calories & no real nutritional value, yet neccessary for the body.
Vitamin D Aka 'The sunshine vitamin' because the skin synthesizes Vit.D from cholesterol when exposed to light
Macronutrients 3 basic food groups:proteins,carbs & fats
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) the substance that provides energy to cells & converts oxygen to carbon dioxide,a waste product we breathe out.
Complementary foods Combinations of 2 incomplete foods;complementary proteins eaten together provide all the essential amino acids & make a complete protein.
Complex Carbs Starches;incl.grains,cereals,breads,other flour products,potatoes,rice,legumes(beans) & pasta.
Simple Carbs Like sweets,syrups,honey,fruit,candy & many vegetables.
glycosaminoglycans A water-binding substance between the fibers of the dermis.
Trans fats The "bad type" of cholesterol in the blood.Aka Low-density lipoprotein (LDL).
High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Are "good" lipoproteins w/ high protein content.
Fat Soluble Vitamins Vitamins like A,D,E & K & water soluble (vitamins B & C).They can be stored in the body,it's possible to get too much of certain vitamins,namely Vitamin's A &D.Fat soluble vitamins protect the outside membrane of cells.
How much water composes the body? 50-70 % of the body's weight
Created by: CLGagnon