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Sociology chapter 12

Adoption In a legal sense, a process that allows for the transfer of the legal rights, responsibilities, and privileges and parenthood to a new legal parent or parents
Bilateral descent A kinship system in which both sides of a person's family are regarded as equally important
Cohabitation The practice of living together as a male-female couple without marrying
Domestic partnership Two unrelated adults who have chosen to share one another's lives in a relationship of mutual caring, who reside together and who agree to be jointly responsible for their dependents, basic living expenses, and other common necessities
Egalitarian family An authority pattern in which the adult members of the family are regarded as equals
Endogamy The restriction of mate selection to people within the same group
Exogamy The requirement that people select mates outside certain groups
Extended family A family in which relatives such as grandparents, aunts, or uncles live in the same home as parents and their children
Familism Pride in the extended family, expressed through the maintenance of close ties and strong obligations to kinflok
Family A set of people related by blood, marriage or some other agreed upon relationship or adoption, who share the primary responsibility society
Incest Taboo The prohibition of sexual relationships between certain culturally specified relatives
Kinship The state of being related to others
Machismo A sense of virility, personal worth, and pride in one's maleness
Matriarchy A society in which women dominate in family decision making
Matrilineal descent A kinship system that favor the relatives of the mother
Monogamy A form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married only ot each other
Nuclear family A married couple and their unmarried children living together
Patriarchy A society in which men dominate family decision making
Patrilineal descent A kinship system that favors the relatives of the father
Polyandry A form of polygamy in which a woman can have more than one husband at the same time
Polygamy A form of marriage in which an individual can have several husbands or wives simultaneously
Serial Monogamy A form of marriage in which a person can have several spouses in his or her life time but only one spouse at a time
Single parent families Families in which there is only ne parent present to care children