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Medical Terms A-M

Anesthesiologist Assistant - Nova Tampa - Intro to Anesthesia Practice

A2 Aortic second sound
AA Anesthesiologist assistant
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAAA American Academy of Anesthesiologist Assistants
AAF African-American female
AAM African-American male
AAPA American Association of Physician Assistants
Ab Abortion
Ab antibiotics
Abd Abdomen or abdominal
ABD Army battle dressing
ABG Arterial blood gas
ABL Allowable blood loss
Abn Abnormal
a.c. before meals
ACL Anterior cruciate ligament
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACS Acute coronary syndrome
ACT Activated clotting time
ACTH Adrenocorticotrophic hormone
Ad To or up to
ADD Attention deficit disorder
ADHD Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
ad lib As desired
adm. Admission or administer(ed)
AF Atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter
A.F.B. Acid -fast bacilli
AFP Alpha fetal protein
A/G Albumin-globulin ratio (blood)
AI Aortic insufficiency
AICD Automated intra-coronary defibrillator device
AIDS Acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome
AKA Above the knee amputation
AK Above knee
alb. Albumin
ALI Acute lung injury
alk. phos. Alkaline phosphatase
ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s Disease)
alt. die Alternate days
alt. hor Every other hour
alt. noc Every other night
AMA Against medical advice
AMI Acute myocardial infarction
Amt Amount
Amp Ampule
Ant Anterior
A&O x 3 Alert and oriented to person
AODM Adult onset diabetes mellitus
A2 P2 Aortic second sound greater than pulmonic second sound
A – P Auscultation and percussion
A/P Anterior-posterior
AP anteroposterior
aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time
Aq. Water
Aq. dist. Water distilled
AR Aortic regurgitation
ARC Acquired immune deficiency syndrome related complex
ARDS Adult respiratory distress syndrome
AROM artificial rupture of membranes
A.S. Left ear
AS Aortic stenosis
ASA Aspirin or American Society of Anesthesiologist
ASAP As soon as possible
ASC Ambulatory surgery center
ASCAD Arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASCVD Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD Atrial septal defect
ASHD Arteriosclerotic heart disease
AST Aspartate aminotransferase (formerly SGOT)
ATN Acute tubular necrosis
AV Atrioventricular or assisted ventilation
A/V Arterio-venous
AVF Arteriovenous fistula
AVG Ateriovenous graft
AVM Arteriovenous malformation
AVR Aortic valve replacement
B bilateral
Ba barium
B.b. drink
BCLS basic cardiac life support
BCP birth control pills
BE barium enema
BF black female
BH Bair Hugger
b.i.d./B.I.D. twice a day
B.I.N. twice a night
BK below knee
BLBS= bilateral breath sounds and equal
BKA below the knee amputation
BM black male or bowel movement
BMI body mass index
BMR basal metabolic rate
BMT bilateral myringotomy tubes
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
Bpm beats per minute
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum
BS breath sounds or bowel sounds or blood sugar
BSA body surface area
BSO bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
B.S.P. bromsulphalein test
B/U back-up
BUN blood urea nitrogen
BW birth weight
Bx biopsy
C with
°C degrees Celsius
C-1 first cervical vertebra
CA cancer or carcinoma
Ca calcium
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CaCl calcium chloride
CAD coronary artery disease
CaGl calcium gluconate
CASHD coronary artery symptomatic heart disease
Cal. calorie
cap. capsule
CAPD continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAT computerized axial tomography
cauc. caucasian
CBC complete blood count
CBF cerebral blood flow
Cc cubic centimeter
CCR creatinine clearance
CCU coronary care unit
CEA carotid endarterectomy
CF cystic fibrosis
CFX circumflex coronary artery
CHD congenital heart disease
CHEM-6 Na+ & K+ & Cl- & CO2 & glucose & BUN
CHEM-7 Chem-6 + creatinine
CHEM-14 total bilirubin & total protein & albumin & calcium & phosphorus & alkaline
Phosphatase & lactic dehydrogenase & SGOT & creatinine & uric acid &
Cholesterol & MSI & GGT & SGPT
CHEM-23 CHEM-6 + CHEM-14 + CPK & direct bilirubin & triglycerides
CHF congestive heart failure
CHI closed head injury
Chol. cholesterol
CI cardiac index
CICU cardiac intensive care unit
CK creatinine kinase
Cl chloride
cm. centimeter
CMRO2 cerebral metabolic requirement of O2
CMV cytomegalovirus
CN S central nervous system
c/o complained of
CO cardiac output
CO2 carbon dioxide
cong. congested
COPD chronic obstructed pulmonary disease
CP cerebral palsy; chest pain
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPB cardio-pulmonary bypass
CPK creatinine phosphokinase
CPK-MB creatinine kinase - MB band
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Cryo cryoprecipitate
CRNA certified registered nurse anesthetist
C & S culture and sensitivity
C/S Cesarean section delivery
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CT; C/T computed tomography (see CAT) or chest tube
CTA clear to auscultation
CTR carpal tunnel release
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
Cu copper
CV controlled ventilation / cardiovascular
CVA cerebral vascular accident
CVICU cardiovascular intensive care unit
CVP central venous pressure
c/w consistent with
CXR chest X-ray
D5W dextrose 5% in water
D5 1/2NS dextrose 5% in 0.45% normal saline
D5LR dextrose 5% in Lactated Ringers
D10W dextrose 10% in water
D50 dextrose 50%
D&C dilatation and curettage
D/C discontinue
DDD degenerative disc disease
D.D.S. doctor of dental science
Def defecation
DHEAS dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate
DI diabetes insipidus
DIC disseminated idiopathic coagulopathy
DIFF. differential (blood count)
dil. dilatation
disc. discharge
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
dl deciliter
DL direct laryngoscopy
DLCO diffusion capacity of lung-carbon monoxide test
DLT double-lumen tube
DMD Doctor of Medical Dentistry
DMV daily multi-vitamin
DNR do not resuscitate
D.O. Doctor of Osteopathy
DOA dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DPL diagnostic peritoneal lavage
DPT diptheria-pertussis-tetanus
dr. dram
DT delirium tremens
DTRs deep tendon reflexes
DVT deep vein thrombosis
dx; Dx diagnosis
Dz disease
EBL estimated blood loss
EBT endobronchial tube
EBV estimated blood volume or Epstein-Barr virus
ECCE extracapsular cataract extraction
ECG electrocardiogram
ECMO extracorporeal membrane oxygenation/oxygenator
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED emergency department
EDC estimated date of confinement
EEG electroencephalogram
EENT eye ear nose and throat
EEY erythromycin
EF ejection fraction
EGA estimated gestational age
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
EJ external juglar vein
elix. elixir
EMG electromyogram
ENT ear nose throat
EOM extra-ocular muscles
ER emergency room
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end stage renal disease
ESRF end stage renal failure
EST electroshock therapy
ESWL external sound wave therapy
ETCO2 end-tidal carbon dioxide
EtOH alcohol
ETT endotracheal tube
EUA examination under anesthesia
Ex lap exploratory laparotomy
ext extract
expir expired
F.A.C.P. Fellow
F.A.C.S. Fellow
FANA Florida Association of Nurse Anesthetists
F.B. foreign body
FBS fasting blood sugar
FeSO4 ferrous sulfate (iron)
FEV1 forced expiratory volume at 1 second
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FHx family history
FHR fetal heart rate
FHT fetal heart tone
FIO2 fraction inspired oxygen
Fld . fluids
fl. Dr . fluid dram
FRC functional residual capacity
FROM full range of motion
FSA Florida Society of Anesthesiologists
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FTA fluorescent treponemal/titer antibody
FT3I free triiodothyronine index
FT4I free thyroxine index
FTLB full term living birth
FTNB full term normal birth
FTT failure to thrive
F/U follow up
FUO fever of unknown origin
Fx fracture
GBS gall bladder series
GC gonococcus
GCS Glascow Coma Scale
g/dL grams per deciliter
GDM gestational diabetes mellitus
GE gastroesophageal
GERD gastric esophageal reflux disorder
GGT gamma glutamyl transpeptidase
GH growth hormone
GI gastrointestinal
Gm gram
gm% grams per one hundred milliliters of blood
G/P gravida/para
GPI general paresis
G6PD glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase
gr groin
grav. gravida (pregnancy)
gh. drops
GSW gun shot wound
gtt drops
GTT glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology
H or H hour
H/A headache
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBsAb hepatitis B surface antibody
HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCG or hCG human chorionic gonadotropin
Hct hematocrit
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HCVD hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HD hemodialysis
HDL high density lipoprotein
H & E hemorrhage and exudate (eye)
HEENT head eye ear nose and throat
HELLP hemolysis & elevated liver enzymes & low platelets (a syndrome)
Hg mercury
Hgb hemoglobin
HGH human growth hormone
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HME heat-moisture exchanger
hn. tonight
H/O history of
HOH history of headache
H & P history and physical
HPI history of present illness
HPV human papilloma virus
h.s.;H.S. at bed time
HSV herpes simplex virus
HTN hypertension
HTLV human T-cell lymphotrophic virus
HVA homovanillic acid
HVD hypertensive vascular disease
Hx or hx history
IABP intra-arterial balloon pump
IBW ideal body weight
ICP intracranial pressure
ICU intensive care unit
I & D incision and drainage
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
I/E inspiratory-to-expiratory time ratio
Ig A-D-E-G-M immunoglobulin- types A-D-E-G-M
IGP intragastric pressure
IHHS idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis
IHR inguinal hernia repair
IJ internal juglar vein
IM intramuscular
IMA internal mammary artery
IMP & imp. impression
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
inf. infusion
inj. Injection
INR internal normalization ratio
I & O intake and output
IOP introcular pressure
IPN intern progress notes
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRV inverse ratio ventialtion
ITP idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura
IU intrauterine
I.U. or IU international unit
IUD intrauterine device; intrauterine death
IUFD intrauterine fetal death
IUP intrauterine pregnancy
IV intravenous
IVC inferior vena cava
IVDA intravenous drug abuse
IVF in vitro fertilization
IVH intraventricular hemorrhage
IVP intravenous pyelogram
JODM juvenile onset diabetes mellitus
K potassium
Kcal or KCAL kilocalorie
KCl potassium chloride
Kg kilogram
KUB kidney ureter bladder (used when taking an X-ray)
KVO keep vein ope
L left; liter
L-1 first lumbar vertebra
LAD left anterior descending (coronary artery)
lap. laparotomy
lat lateral
LAVH laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy
LBBB left bundle branch block
LBCD left border cardiac dullness
LBP low back pain
Lbs pounds
LBW low birth weight
LCM left costal margin
L & D labor and delivery
LDH lactic dehydrogenase
LDL low density lipoprotein
LE lower extremity
LE prep lupus erythematosus cell preparation
LFT liver function test(s)
LHF left heart failure
LHRH luteinizing hormone releasing hormone
Li lithium
LIH left inguinal hernia
LIMA left internal mammary artery
LLD left lateral decubitus (position)
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe
LLQ left lower quadrant
LM left main coronary artery
LMA laryngeal mask airway
LMP last menstrual period
LOA left occipital anterior
LOC loss/level of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
LPN licensed practical nurse
LPV lymphopathia venereum
LR lactated Ringer’s solution
LSK liver
LSO left salpingo oopherectomy
LTL laparoscopic tubal ligation
LUE left upper extremity
LUL left upper lobe
LUQ left upper quadrant
LV left ventricle
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVE left ventricular enlargement
LVEDP left ventricular end diastolic pressure
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
LVS left ventricular strain
LWMA left wall motion abnormality
M minimum
μg microgram
μl microliter
μM micromole
M1 mitral first sound
MAC minimum alveolar concentration; monitored anesthesia care
MAP mean arterial pressure
MAST military anti-shock trousers
MBC maximal breathing capacity
MCA motorcycle accident
mcg microgram
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
MCL mid clavicular line
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MD Medical Doctor
MDI metered dose inhaler
mEq milliequivalent
mEq/L milliequivalent per liter
mg milligram
mg/dL milligrams per deciliter
MgSO4 magnesium sulphate
MH malignant hyperthermia
MID-CAB minimally invasive coronary artery bypass
MICU medical intensive care unit
min minute
ml milliliter
mm millimeter
mmHg millimeter of mercury
Mn manganese
MOSF multi-organ system failure
mOsm milliosmole
MR mental retardation; mitral valve regurgitation
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS multiple sclerosis; mitral stenosis
MSO4 morphine sulfate
MSL mid sternal line
MVA motor vehicle accident
MV multivitamins
MVP mitral valve prolapse
MVR mitral valve replacement
Created by: Vanessaleah