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Science Explosion 04

BJU 6th Science- Chapter 3

Natural resource materials on earth that are available for our use
Renewable resource can be replaced
Nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced easily
Fossil fuel formed from the remains of plants and animals buried quickly
Crude oil petroleum
Refinery factory that separates crude oil into different products
Petrochemicals chemicals produced from oil
Natural gas fossil fuel found in a gaseous state
Coal formed from plant material quickly buried in sediment
Uranium mineral used to produce nuclear energy
Reservoir holding area for water
Hydroelectric energy produced as water flows and turns turbines
Geothermal energy uses heat from the earth to produce steam
Wind energy electrical energy from air movement
Solar energy energy from sun
Mineral solid substance found naturally in the earth’s surface (salt, sand, iron, gold)
Vein concentrated areas of specific minerals
Ore materials in a vein which contain usable amounts of metal
Smelting process used to separate metal from ore
Malleable soft and shapeable metal
Fallow letting fields rest for a time
Ground cover low growing crop planted on unused fields
Contour plowing method used by farmers to reduce erosion
Hydrosphere all of earth’s water (lakes, oceans, streams, rivers, underground water)
Water cycle path the water travels as in goes from land to sky and back
Saline salty
Phytoplankton small plants that make up the first link in the ocean’s food chain
Ground water rain water stored beneath the surface of the ground
Aquifer layers of sand, gravel or bedrock that hold and move groundwater
Drawdown lowered well water level caused by increased water usage
Humidity amount of water vapor in the air
Ice sheet layer of ice over the land (a glacier over flat land)
Ice shelf ice layer that has moved from land out into the ocean and is floating in the water
Iceberg piece of ice that breaks off from an ice shelf
Sea ice frozen ocean water
Reduce preserving our resources by limiting the amount you use
Reuse preserve our resources by finding ways to use materials again, be creative
Recycle conserve resources by taking products to a recycling center where they will be remade into other products
Created by: MrsDunham