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US Prison System

Vocablary from Ch. 16 of Criminal Justice

TermDefinition
Total Institutions Completely segregated, kept under surveillance, and forced to obey strict rules
Punk Weak inmate who is unable to protect him/herself
Snitch Inmate who asks guard for help or tells on other inmate
Hustling Sales of illegal comodities (drugs, alcohol, weapons...) within prison
Niche Insulation from the pains of imprisonment
Inmate Subculture norms and rules within a prison
Inmate Social Code values and interpersonal codes within a prison
Argot language that influences prison culture
Prisonization assimilation into prison culture
Right Guy inmate who strictly follows the social code
Deprivation Model Theory that imprisonment itself chanes the inmates into different more violent people
Importation Model Theory that the prison culture is just the accumulation of the existing culture in the outside world
Administrative Control Model Theory that inmate subculture is a result of the type of prison management (good v. bad)
New Inmate Subculture African american and latino inmates are more organized and powerful within prison
Make-Believe Family A fake family of peers in female prisons to compensate for loosing family relations
Theraputic Community Drug treatment model using positive peer pressure
Less Eligibility Idea that prisoners should be treated as less than the most underpriveledged law-abiding citizen
Special-Needs Inmate Inmates with carying social and psychological problems (mentally ill, elderly...)
Work (Furlough) Release Treatment program allowing prisoners to leave prison during the daytime to work
Percy Amendment Allows prison made goods to be sold out of state under strict regulation
Conjugal Visit Visits to inmates from spouses and family to continue strong outside relationships
Newjack newly hired correction officer
Inmate-Balance Theory Riots ensuing because corrections officers make efforts to gain control over inamtes
Administrative-Control Theory Theory that prison violence is caused by mismanagement
Civil Death Termination of the civil rights of convicted felons (no longer in use)
Hands-Off Doctrine Judicial policy of not interfering with administration of prison systems
Exceptional Circumstance Doctrine Courts only hear cases involving the right to medical treatment involving a total disreguard of human dignity and denying other cases
Cruel and Unusual Punishment Punishment in excess and violating the eigth amendment
Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996 Limits the number of prison cases heard in federal court to only those in which other measures are exhausted
Parole Early release of a prisoner under conditions determined by a parole board
Mandatory Parole Release Release date is set at time of confinement. Can be delayed because of rule violations
Technical Parole Violation Revocation of parole because conditions of parole have been violated
Intensive Supervision Parole Shock parole where a parolee is matched to a specific supervisor by personality
Created by: fran0715 on 2006-05-08



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