Welcome to StudyStack, where users create FlashCards and share them with others. Click on the large flashcard to flip it over. Then click the green, red, or yellow box to move the current card to that box. Below the flashcards are blue buttons for other activities that you can try to study the same information.
Test Android StudyStack App
Please help StudyStack get a grant! Vote here.
or...
Reset Password Free Sign Up

Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers.


incorrect cards (0)
correct cards (0)
remaining cards (0)
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the Correct box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the Incorrect box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

Correct box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards


Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Psych Ch 13 Vocab

Psychological Disorders

QuestionAnswer
biological model of psychological disorders view that psychological disorders have a biochemical or physiological basis
psychoanalytic model of psychological disorders view that psychological orders result from unconscious internal conflicts
cognitive-behavioral model of psychological disorders view that psychological disorders result from learning maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving
diathesis-stress model of psychological disorders view that people biologically predisposed to a mental disorder (those with a certain diathesis) will tend to exhibit that disorder when particularly affected by stress
diathesis biological predisposition
systems approach to psychological disorders view that biological, psychological, and social risk factors combine to produce psychological disorders; also known as the biopsychosocial model of psychological disorders
mood disorders disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state
depression a mood disorder characterized by overwhelming feelings of sadness, lack of interest in activities, and perhaps excessive guilt or feelings or worthlessness
psychotic marked by defective or lost contact with reality
mania a mood disorder characterized by euphoric states, extreme physical activity, excessive talkativeness, distractedness, and sometimes grandiosity
bipolar disorder a mood disorder in which periods of mania and depression alternate, sometimes with periods of normal mood intervening
cognitive distortions an illogical and maladaptive response to early negative life events that leads to feelings of incompetence and unworthiness that are reactivated whenever a new situation arises that resembles the original events
anxiety disorders disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature of the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior
specific phobia anxiety disorder characterized by intense, paralyzing fear of something
social phobia an anxiety disorder that involves multiple, intense fear of crowds, public places, and other situations that require separation from a source of security such as the home
agoraphobia an anxiety disorder that involves multiple, intense fear of crowds, public places, and other situations that require separation from a source of security such as the home
panic disorder an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks in which the person suddenly experiences intense fear or terror without any reasonable cause
generalized anxiety disorder an anxiety disorder characterized by prolonged vague but intense fears that are not attached to any particular object or circumstance
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) an anxiety disorder in which a person feels driven to think disturbing thoughts and/or to perform senseless rituals
psychosomatic disorders disorders in which there is real physical illness that is largely caused by psychological factors such as stress and anxiety
somatoform disorders disorders in which there is an apparent physical illness for which there is not organic basis
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by recurrent vague somatic complaints without a physical cause
conversion disorders somatoform disorders in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems
hypochondriasis a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets insignificant symptoms as signs of serious illness in the absence of any organic evidence of such illness
body dysmorphic disorder a somatoform disorder in which a person becomes so preoccupied with his or her imagines ugliness that normal life is impossible
dissociative disorders disorders in which some aspect of the personality seems separated from the rest
dissociative amnesia a dissociative disorder characterized by loss of memory for past events without organic cause
dissociative fugue a dissociative disorder that involves flight from home and the assumption of a new identity, with amnesia for past identity and events
dissociatve identity disorder a dissociative disorder in which a person has several distinct personalities that emerge at different times
depersonalization disorder a dissociative disorder whose essential feature is that the person suddenly feels changed or different in a strange way
sexual dysfunction loss or impairment of the ordinary physical responses of sexual function
erectile disorder/erectile dysfunction (ED) the inability of a man to achieve or maintain an erection
female sexual arousal disorder the inability of a woman to become sexually aroused or to reach orgasm
sexual desire disorders disorders in which the person lacks sexual interest or has an active distaste for sex
orgasm peaking of sexual pleasure and release of sexual tension
orgasmic disorders inability to reach orgasm in a person able to experience sexual desire and maintain arousal
premature ejaculation inability of a man to inhibit orgasm as long as desired
vaginismus involuntary muscle spasms in the outer part of the vagina that make intercourse impossible
paraphilias sexual disorders in which unconventional objects or situations cause sexual arousal
fetishism a paraphilia in which a nonhuman object is the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
voyeurism desire to watch others having sexual relations or to spy on nude people
exhibitionism compulsion to expose one's genitals in public to achieve sexual arousal
frotteurism compulsion to achieve sexual arousal by touching or rubbing against a nonconsenting person in public situations
transvestic fetishism wearing the clothes of the opposite sex to achieve sexual gratification
sexual sadism obtaining sexual gratification from humiliating or physically harming a sex partner
sexual masochism inability to enjoy sex without accompanying emotional or physical pain
pedophilia desire to have sexual relations with children as the preferred or exclusive method of achieving sexual excitement
gender-identity disorders disorders that involve the desire to become, or the insistence that one really is, a member of the other biological sex
gender-identity disorder in children rejection of one's biological gender in childhood, along with the clothing an behavior society considers appropriate to that gender
personality disorders disorders in which inflexible and maladaptive ways of thinking and behaving learned early in life cause distress to the person and/or conflicts with others
schizoid personality disorder personality disorder in which a person is withdrawn and lacks feelings for others
paranoid personality disorder personality disorder in which the person is inappropriately suspicious and mistrustful of others
dependent personality disorder personality disorder in which the person is unable to make choices and decisions independently and cannot tolerate being alone
avoidant personality disorder personality disorder in which the person's fears of rejection by others leads to social isolation
narcissistic personality disorder personality disorder in which the person has an exaggerated sense of self-importance and needs constant admiration
borderline personality disorder personality disorder characterized by marked instability in self-image, mood, and interpersonal relationships
antisocial personality disorder personality disorder that involves a pattern of violent, criminal, or unethical and exploitative behavior and an inability to feel affection for others
schizophrenic disorders severe disorders in which there are disturbances of thoughts, communications, and emotions, including delusions and hallucinations
insanity legal term for mentally disturbed people who are not considered responsible for their criminal actions
hallucinations sensory experiences in the absence of external stimulation
delusions false beliefs about reality that have no basis in fact
disorganized schizophrenia schizophrenic disorder in which bizarre and childlike behaviors are common
catatonic schizophrenia schizophrenic disorder in which disturbed motor behavior is prominent
paranoid schizophrenia schizophrenic disorder marked by extreme suspiciousness and complex, bizarre delusions
undifferentiated schizophrenia schizophrenic disorder in which there are clear schizophrenic symptoms that don't meet the criteria for another subtype of the disorder
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) a childhood disorder characterized by inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity
psychostimulants drugs that increase ability to focus attention in children with AD/HD
autistic disorder a childhood disorder characterized by a lack of social instincts and strange motor behavior
Created by: Jenn Gallo Jenn Gallo on 2010-04-28



bad sites Copyright ©2001-2014  StudyStack LLC   All rights reserved.