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Adolescence12

Adolescence

QuestionAnswer
Adolescence Transition period from childhood to adulthood, Extending from puberty to independence
Puberty Period of sexual maturation. Person becomes capable of reproducing
Primary Sexual Characteristics Body structures that make sexual reproduction possible
Secondary Sexual Characteristics Non-reproductive sexual characteristics
Menarche First menstrual period
Sperm-arch First ejaculation in boys. Usually occurs as a nocturnal emission
Erik Erikson Each stage of life has its own psychosocial task, a crisis that needs resolution
Infancy Birth-1yr. Trust vs Mistrust. If needs are dependably met, infants will develop a sense of basic trust.
Toddler hood 1-2yrs. Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt. Learn to exercise will and do things for themselves, or they doubt their abilities.
Preschooler 3-5yrs. Initiative vs Guilt. Learn to initiate tasks and carry out plans, or feel guilty about efforts to be independent.
Elementary School 6yrs-Puberty. Competence vs Inferiority. Learn pleasure of applying themselves to tasks, or they feel inferior.
Adolescence Teen yrs into 20s. Identity vs Role Confusion. Work at refining a sense of self by testing roles and integrating them to form a single identity, or they become confused about who they are.
Young Adulthood 20s-Early 40s. Intimacy vs Isolation. Struggle to form close relationships and gain capacity for intimate love, or they feel socially isolated.
Middle Adulthood 40s-60s. Generativity vs Stagnation. Discover a sense of contributing to the world, usually through family or work, or they may feel a lack of purpose.
Late Adulthood Late 60s+. Integrity vs Despair. Reflecting on life, may feel a sense of satisfaction or failure.
Delay Gratification Delay small gratifications now to enable bigger rewards later.
Identity Ones sense of self. According to Erikson, Adolescents task is to solidify sense of self by testing and integrating various roles.
Search For Identity Erikson contended that adolescents wonder who they are, what they want, what values to live by, and what to believe in.
Intimacy In Eriksons theory, the ability to form close, loving relationships. Primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood.
Lawrence Kohlberg Sought to describe the development of moral reasoning.
Moral Reasoning Thinking that occurs as we consider right and wrong.
Preconventional Morality Before age 9. Preconventional morality of self-interest. Obey to avoid punishment or to gain concrete rewards.
Conventional Morality Early Adolescence. Cares for others, upholds laws and social rules simply because they are laws and rules.
Postconventional Morality Some who develop abstract reasoning thought may come to a 3rd level. Affirms agreed upon rights or follows personal perception of basic ethical principles. *Occurs more-so in individualist society.
The Social Intuitionist Jonathan Haidts account of morality, where moral feelings precede moral reasoning.
Emerging Adulthood 18-Mid 20s. Not yet settled phase of life. No longer adolescents, but have not yet taken on adult level responsibilities and independence.
Created by: sp1n1 on 2010-03-23



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