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DHYG Bacteria

Dreaded Bacterias

QuestionAnswer
Gram positive cocci responsible for strep throat, tonsillitis and rheumatic fever Streptococcus pyogenes
Gram positive cocci responsible for Infective endocarditis Streptococcus sanguis (Streptococcus viridans group
Gram positive cocci responsible for dental caries Streptococcus mutans
Acid-fast bacilli responsible for Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bacteria responsible for Syphilis Treponema pallidum
Leukocytes that are granulocytes (3) Basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils
Leukocytes that are agranulocytes lymphocytes and monocytes
Immunity generated by b-lymphocyte production & release of antibodies into the blood. Defends mostly against bacteria, toxins and viruses. Humoral
Type of immunity that stimulates T-lymphocytes to activate a variety of T-cells to respond to antigens. Defends against bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, helminths and cancer cells Cell-mediated immunityImm
Immunity that is produces antibodies due to an exposure to an antigen. Acquired-Natural Active
Immunity that is passed on from mom to infant Acquired -Natural Passive
Immunity via vaccination with killed, inactivated or attenuated microorganisms or toxoid Acquired -Artificial Active
Immunity acquired via injection of immune serum or g-globulin Acquired - Artificial PassiveA pro
A protein that is produced as a result of the introduction of an antigen and has the ability to combine with the antigen that stimulated its production. Antibody (Ab)
A substance that can induce a detectable immune response when introduced into an animal Antigen (Ag)
A factor such as a lymphokine or monokine produced by cells that affect other cells (lymphocytes and macrophage) they include interleukins and interferons Cytokine
Most numerous Ig and the only one to cross placental barriers IgG
First Ig to appear in immune response IgM
Ig in external secretions, (tears, bile, saliva, urine) IgA
Ig that is thought activate the B-cell IgD
Ig that is important in immediate hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions and parasitic infections IgE
Cells that activate macrophages and cytotoxic & other T-cells TH1 (helper)
Cells that activates B-cells to secrete immunoglobulin TH2 (helper)
Which bacteria is responsible for candidiasis and what are the predisposing factors for this condition. C. Albicans; diabetes, pregnancy, obesity, vitamin deficiency use of broad spectrum antibiotic and immunocompromised
How do you contract Hep A? Chronic liver damage? ingestion of contaminated food, ice or water, no liver damage
How do you contract Hep B? Chronic liver damage? blood or other body fluids, chronic liver damage
How do you contract Hep C? Chronic liver damage? blood or other body fluids, chronic liver damage
How do you contract Hep D? Liver Damage? This is a super infection and host must already be infected with chronic Hep B, Severe liver damage & high mortality rate
How do you contract Hep E, liver damage? contaminated drinking water, no liver damage
How do you contract Hep G, liver damage? bloodborne & co-infection with Hep C, no chronic liver damage
Anti-HAV means what? your body has an antibody to HAV, meaning acute or resolved infection
HBsAg HB surface antigen/Surface marker in acute disease and carrier state
HBeAg Hepatitis B e antigen/ High-titer HBV in serum indicates high infectivity, persists into carrier state
HBcAg Hep B core antigen, indicates acute, chronic or resolved Hep B infection
If any of the Hepatitis virus names contain IgM, what is indicated? Including IgM into the Hepatitis infection indicates recent infection.
Anti-HAV means what? your body has an antibody to HAV, meaning acute or resolved infection
HBsAg HB surface antigen/Surface marker in acute disease and carrier state
HBeAg Hepatitis B e antigen/ High-titer HBV in serum indicates high infectivity, persists into carrier state
HBcAg Hep B core antigen, indicates acute, chronic or resolved Hep B infection
If any of the Hepatitis virus names contain IgM, what is indicated? Including IgM into the Hepatitis infection indicates recent infection.
Name the lesions that correspond to the stages of syphilis. Primary-Chancre highly contagious, Secondary-mucous patch, highly contagious, Tertiary - Guma, not contagiousWhat
What facultative anaerobic streptococci is dominate on the lips or vestibule? Streptococcus vestibularis
What bacteria is found on the hard palate? Actinomyces spp. and Streptococcus spp
What bacteria is found on the buccal mucosa? S. oralis and S. mitis, and fewer are S. sanguis
what bacteria is found on the tongue? Predominantly S. oralis, S. mitis, and Streptococcus salivarius Stomatococcus mucilagenosus is found exclusively on the tongue
which increased bacteria lead to halitosis due to an increase in VSC? Porphyromonas, Prevotella, Fusobacterium, and Treponema spp.
What bacteria is found on pits and fissures? S. mutans and A. naeslundii
What bacteria is found in interproximal surfaces? A. naeslundii, Actinomyces israelii, Streptococcus spp., Veillonella spp., and Prevotella spp. Majority of streptococci are S. sanguis
What are the drugs of choice for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis? Isoniazid + rifampin ± pyrazinamide
what antifungal agent would you give for an infection involving Candida Nystatin
what bacteria can become more abundant with denture wear, mucosa and malnutrition. (C. albicans)
what bacteria increases when sugar content is high in the diet? Lactobacilli
What bacteria predominate in early gingivitis? Actinomyces organisms predominate for gram + gram - is the prevotella group
Hormones, Diabetes, leukemic, drug induced gingival enlargement and poor nutrition are systemic factors that modify what sort of gingival disease? plaque induced
What is the predominate bacteria in NUG? P. intermedia, spirochetes, and fusiform bacteria
What is the predominate bacteria in NUP? C. albicans, Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans, F. nucleatum, and Porphyromonas gingivalis
What is the predominate bacteria in chronic perio ? (includes all levels from slight to advanced) P. intermedia, P. gingivalis, Eubacterium spp., F. nucleatum, spirochetes, Tannerella forsythensis (formerly Bacteroides forsythus), and Campylobacter rectus
What is the principal bacteria in Aggressive perio? Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, Eikenella corrodens, Capnocytophaga sputigena
What is the principal bacteria in Prepubertal and juvenile perio? Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
What are the 4 clinically distinct forms of candidiasis? Pseudomembranous candidiasis, erythematous candidiasis, angular chelitis, hyperplastic candidiasis
What virus is responsible for hand-foot& mouth disease as well as herpangina? coxsackievirus
What virus would give you primary herpetic gingivostomatitis, as well as recurrent herpes? Human herpevirus 1 or 2
what virus would give you hairy leukoplakia? Human herpevirus 4 (epstein barr)
What virus gives you the chickenpox and later on maybe shingles? Human herpevirus 3 (varicella-zoster)
What virus gives you mono Human herpevirus 4 (epstein barr)
what category of chemical destroys all microorganisms, including high numbers of bacterial spores Sterilant
what category of chemical destroys all microorganisms, but not necessarily high numbers of bacterial spores high level disinfectant
what category of chemical destroys vegetative bacteria, most fungi, and most viruses; inactivates Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis intermediate level disinfectant
what category of chemical destroys vegetative bacteria, some fungi and viruses; does not inactivate M. tuberculosis var. bovis low level disinfectant
Glutaraldehyde, glutaraldehydephenate, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide with peracetic acid, peracetic acid are examples of what category of chemical? Sterilant
orthophthaldehyde is an example of what level of disintectant? High level
EPA-registered hospital disinfectant† with label claim of tuberculocidal activity (e.g., chlorine-based products, phenolics, iodophors, quaternary ammonium compounds with alcohol, bromides) are members of what level of disinfectant? Intermediate level
EPA-registered hospital disinfectant with no label claim of tuberculocidal activity (e.g., quaternary ammonium compounds) is what level of disinfectant? low-level
Created by: Angie Heflin Angie Heflin on 2010-03-17



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