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Ch.2 Sec.2 -Science

Behavior of Gases-- Vocab+Boyle's Law+Charle's Law

Temperature A measure of how hot (or cold) something is; specifically, a measure of the movement of particles.
Volume A measure of the size of a body or region in three-dimensional spce
Pressure The amount of force exerted per unit area of a surface.
Boyle's Law This law says that the volume of a gas is inversely comparable to the pressure of a gas when temperature is constant.
Charles's Law This laaws says that the volume of a gas is directly comparable to the temperature of a gas when the pressure is constant.
Gas Behavior Laws Temperature, pressure, and volume of a gas are all linked, changing one can change the other two. Their relationship is described by gas laws.
Boyle's: Lifting the Piston Lets the particles of a gas spread apart. Volume increases, pressure decreases
Boyle's: Releasing the piston Allows particles of a gas return to their original volume and pressure
Boyle's: Pushing the piston Forces the gas particles close together. Volume decreases, pressure increases
Charles's: Decreasing the temperature of gas Causes the particles to more more slowly. Gas particles hit the piston less often and less force. The volume of the gas decreases.
Charles's: Increasing the temperature of gas Cause particles to move more quickly. Gas particles his the piston more often and with more force. The volume of the gas increases
Created by: labuhamdieh