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Test 2- BIOL2421-2

Micro Test 2

What are the three types of bacterial recombination? transformation, conjugation, transduction
the process where a recipient cell uptakes fragments of donor DNA from surroundings and makes it part of its own DNA Transformation
ability to uptake donor DNA from a similar organism Competency
3 common traits shared through transformation 1) pigment, 2) capsule formation, 3) antibiotic resistance
a type of reproduction using f-pilus (short, hollow tube) to transfer DNA directly from donor into chromosome of recipient Conjugation
Involves a virus (donor) and bacteria (recipient) Transduction
What does enzyme endonuclease do? cuts DNA in specific places (used for genetic engineering)
A permanent change in DNA of organism Mutation
T/F: Mutations are always harmful F: mutations can be neutral (nothing happens), beneficial (gains new ability), harmful (harms)
Mutations that occur without mutagen spontaneous mutation
Term for something that causes mutation mutagen
Explain Griffith's experiment see print out
Created by: awesomeandrea