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Bechard Ecology

Study Guide for Ecology quiz

nonliving part of environment, including water, rocks, light & Temperature Abiotic
describes living factors in the environment Biotic
relationship between 2 organism in which 1 benefits and the other is unaffected commensalism
when 2 or more individuals or populations they to use the same resource, such as food, water, shelter, space or sunlight Competition
organism that gets energy by breaking down the remains of dead organisms or animal wastes and consuming or obsorbing the nutrients Decomposer
community of living organism and their abiotic(non-living) environment Ecosystem
relationship between 2 species in which both species benefits Mutualism
organism that can make its own food by using energy from its surroundings Producer
organism that eats all or part of another organism Predator
organism that is killed and eaten by another organism Prey
Which can be described as a species population in an ecosystem? All the honey bees in an orchard OR all the plants and animals in a pond? all the honey bees in an orchard
What evidence best demonstrates that different organisms in an ecosystem depend on each other? Parasites often kill their hosts OR animals eat plants while plants need nutrients from decomposed animals Animals eat plants while plants need nutrients from decomposed animals
What is the basic source of energy for all ecosystems? Solar energy, which is converted by plants OR nuclear energy, which is stored in Earth’s resources Solar energy, which is converted by plants
Human beings eat chickens, turkeys, fish, cows, and pigs. What type of relationship does this illustrate?predator-prey OR parasite-host predator-prey
Which is an example of mutualism? Ticks live off the blood of a deer OR Bees take pollen from flowers and spread it to other flowers Bees take pollen from flowers and spread it to other flowers
Crayfish eat insects and snails. Sometimes crayfish will also eat plants and algae. Which best describes the role of the crayfish?producer OR consumer consumer
Since foxes, coyotes, and weasels hunt snowshoe hares, how should these hunting animals be classified? predators OR parasites predators
As you move up the energy pyramid, the amount of energy available increases or decreases? decreases
True or False - it takes more 3rd order consumers than second order consumers to feed the producers False
True or False - a community is all the living organisms in a specific area. True
Created by: mr_chuck72