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Ocular Emergencies

What is anerior vs. posterior uveitis? AV is inflammation of the iris and ciliary body and PV is inflammation of the choroid.
What are some possible causes of uveitis? Corneal ulcerations, trauma, infection, lens-induced, auto-immune, retinal detachment, iris tumors, cilary body bleed.
What are some treatment options for uveitis? treat underlying problems, topical cortison, iv steroids, intraocular TPA, oral and topical steroids.
What is a cataract? a condition where the normally transparent lens of the eye becomes opaque.
What are some causes of cataracts? heredity, inflammation, trauma, nutrition, toxins, diabetes mellitis.
What is the only treatment that will work for cataracts? Surgery.
What is glaucoma? Increased intraocular pressure in the anterior chamber of the eye.
What causes glaucoma? Imbalance in the production and drainage of aqueous humor. Drainage is usually impaired, causing accumulatoin of fluid and increased pressure within the eye.
Primary vs. Secondary glaucoma? Primary - not associated with any other problem within the eye; usually breed related and hereditary. Secondary - results from another event or problem within the eye.
What can cause secondary glaucoma? Anterior uveitis, anterior lens luxation, intraocular tumors.
What are clinical signs of glaucoma? ocular pain, redness, cloudiness of the eye, blindness, enlargement of the eye.
How is glaucoma diagnosed? measuring IOP with tonometry.
"Primary glaucoma is usually a _________ disease" bilateral
If a patient comes in with chronic glaucoma and no more vision in the eye, what are the treatment options? Medical or surgical - surgery includes enucleation of the eyeball, intrascleral prosthesis, remove eyeball and replace with prothesis, ciliary body ablasion.
If a patient comes in with acute glaucoma and still has vision, what is the emergency treatment options? IV Mannitol (to shrink vitreous)
What is a PROPTOSED EYE? Forward displacement of the globe.
What is the most common cause of proptosed eye? Trauma (HBC, fighting, crushing injuries, head trauma).
Created by: ashleydm28