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Chempal-TAKS IPC Voc

Anderson-- Arp HS --Vocabulary for TAKS IPC

measure of hydrogen ions (H+) in a solution on a scale from 0 to 14 pH
a substance dissolves into ions and produces an electric current electrolyte
tendency to gain or lose electrons reactivity
device that absorbs radiant energy from the sun (ie: photovoltaic cells) solar cells
objects at rest remains at rest; objects in motion remain in motion Newton's First Law
Force = mass x acceleration (F=ma) Newton's Second Law
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction Newton's Third Law
number of times a machine multiplies the effort force applied to it mechanical advantage
reaction in which atoms in an element lose electrons oxidation
property of a moving object based on its mass and velocity momentum
rhythmic property that transfers energy (examples: transverse and longitudinal) wave properties
movement of thermal energy; conduction, convection, and radiation heat transfer
ability of a fluid to exert an upward force buoyancy
maximum amount of solute dissoved in a solvent at a given temperature solubility
temperature, particle size, pressure, and concentration 4 factors that affect solubility
substance being dissolved (ex: kool-aid, sugar) solute
substance doing the dissolving (ex: water) solvent
a fluid's resistance to flow viscosity
rate of change of velocity; speed up, slow down, or change direction acceleration
mass per unit of volume; measurement can be in g/mL or g/cm3 density
measure of work put in a machine compared to work done by a machine efficiency
splitting apart of an atom (fission) or joining of two atomic nuclei (fusion) nuclear reactions
chemical reactions that require energy endergonic
chemical reactions that release energy; usually light or heat exergonic
mixture that appears to have the same composition, color, density, and taste throughout; made up of 2 parts; solute and solvent solution
energy is not created or destroyed; it changes forms (ex: electrical energy to heat energy (toaster)) laow of conservation of energy
mass is not created or destroyed; it changes forms (ex: liquid to gas) law of conservation of mass
one pathway for electricity series circuit
two or more pathways for electricity parallel circuit
push or pull; measured in Newton's (F=ma) force
transfer of energy when force is applied to an object; measure in joules (W=fd work
characteristics you can observe without changing the materials; ex: size, shape physical properties
any characteristic, such as flammability, that indicates it can undergo a chemical change chemical properties
amount of work done in a certain amount of time; measure in watts (P=w/t) power
Created by: chempal