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Judicial Branch- Federal and Virginia Judicial System

Purpose of judicial branch Apply and interpret laws
Duty of district magistrate issue warrants and subpoenas
Appeals courts have ____ jury NO
Appeals courts decide The fairness of a trial
Who can remove justices from their position Congress through impeachment
This power allows the Supreme Court to declare a law or order unconstitutional Judicial review
Original jurisdiction Authority to hear cases for the first time
What happens when a law is declared unconstitutional? The law is cancelled
The first case that involved judicial review Marbury v. Madison
U.S. Constitution Supreme Law of the Land
Two cases with originial jurisdiction in Supreme Court State v.State or Diplomats
Written reason Supreme Court makes a decision Majority opinion
Duty of appellate courts review decisions of lower courts
What happens when there is a conflict between federal and state law Federal law rules!
Virginia Court that deals with misdemeanors and small civil claims General District Court
One protection for juveniles Keeping records private
What does the juvenile justice system try to avoid? Extended jail terms
Highest court to which Virginians can appeal Supreme Court of Virginia
Court that deals with felonies or large civil cases Circuit court
The one Virginia court that uses juries Circuit Court
How are Virginia courts established? Virginia Constitution
Main duty of state and federal Supreme Court determine constitutionality of acts, orders, and laws passed
Example of a criminal violation Felony
Civil cases deal with Everything that is not a crime
If a person does not agree with the verdict reached by a court, they can Appeal
What do plaintiffs in civil cases usually seek? Compensation (money)
Created by: ewhitehead