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ACE Personal Trainer Study Cards Ch5

What are the necessary components of a health history form? 1 Demographic information (sex, age and occupation), past and present exercise history, health risk factors, medications, recent or current illness and injuries, surgery and family medical history
What is atherosclerosis? 2 a process in which fatty acid deposits of cholesterol and calcium accumulate on the walls of the arteries, causing them to harden, thicken and lose elasticity.
What has ACSM identified as increased coronary artery disease risk factors? 3 1) Age: Men over 45, women over 55 2) Family History: myocardial infarction or sudden death before age 55 in father or other first degree male relative, or before age 65 in mother or other female first degree relative 3) Current Smoker 4) Hypertension
How do beta-blockers affect the exercising, resting and maximal heart rates? 4 Beta-blockers reduce heart rate. The medication blocks the effects of epinephrine and nor-epinephrine.
What is the purpose of a physical evaluation? 5 To identify unknown conditions and establish a baseline.
What is the most common type of injury sustained by persons participating in physical activity? 6 Overuse Injury
Mary Jane is 55 years old. She was told by her doctor to start an exercise program to help to bring down her high blood pressure of 150/90. She is visiting you for the first time. After completing a health history evaluation from her what is the best next Request that she get a physical and written informed consent from her doctor.
What are the key components to a healthy life? 8 1. Physical activity 2. Good nutrition 3. stress alleviation/management 4. psychological balance 5. routine check-ups
What is a diuretic? Give an example 9 Lasix or other medication that produces an increase in urine volume and sodium (salt) excretion.
What is dyspnea? 10 Shortness of Breath, resulting in difficult or labored breathing. Dyspnea is a result of respiratory conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
What is the effect of diuretics on the exercising heart rate? 11 No significant change
What is the effect of caffeine on the exercising and resting heart rate? 12 Either no change or an increase.
Created by: icehands