Busy. Please wait.

Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.

By signing up, I agree to StudyStack's Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know (0)
Know (0)
remaining cards (0)
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards

Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Sience chap. 15

digestion and absorption in animals

absorption to suck up or drink in (a liquid); soak up
alimentary canal tubular passage functioning in the digestion and absorption of food and the elimination of food residue, beginning at the mouth and terminating at the anus
bile a bitter, alkaline, yellow or greenish liquid, secreted by the liver, that aids in absorption and digestion, esp. of fats
chemical digestion breakdown of food molecules by enzymes; occurs in mouth, stomach, and small intestine
colon large intestine
digestion the process in the alimentary canal by which food is broken up physically, as by the action of the teeth, and chemically, as by the action of enzymes, and converted into a substance suitable for absorption and assimilation into the body
digestive glands any gland having ducts that pour secretions into the digestive tract, as the salivary glands, liver, and pancreas
ducts any tube, canal, pipe, or conduit by which a fluid, air, or other substance is conducted or conveyed
end products the final
esophagus a muscular passage connecting the mouth or pharynx with the stomach in invertebrate and vertebrate animals; gullet
gall bladder a pear-shaped, muscular sac attached to the undersurface of the right lobe of the liver, in which bile is stored and concentrated
gastric glands digestive glands that secrete gastric juices , located in the inner lining o f the stomach
gullet the esophagus; the throat or pharynx
intestinal glands digestive glands located in the inner lining of the small intestine; secrete intestinal juice con taining enzymes
large intestine beginning with the cecum and ending with the rectum; includes the cecum and the colon and the rectum; extracts moisture from food residues which are later excreted as feces
liver a large, reddish-brown, glandular organ located in the upper right side of the abdominal cavity, divided by fissures into five lobes and functioning in the secretion of bile and various metabolic processes
mechanical digestion the grinding and softening of food
mucus a viscous, slimy mixture of mucins, water, electrolytes, epithelial cells, and leukocytes that is secreted by glands lining the nasal, esophageal, and other body cavities and serves primarily to protect and lubricate surfaces
pancreas a gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin
peristalsis the progressive wave of contraction and relaxation of a tubular muscular system, esp. the alimentary canal, by which the contents are forced through the system
pharynx the tube or cavity, with its surrounding membrane and muscles, that connects the mouth and nasal passages with the esophagus
saliva a viscid, watery fluid, secreted into the mouth by the salivary glands, that functions in the tasting, chewing, and swallowing of food, moistens the mouth, and starts the digestion of starches
salivary gland any of several glands, as the submaxillary glands, that secrete saliva
small intestine the longest part of the alimentary canal; where digestion is completed
stomach a saclike enlargement of the alimentary canal, as in humans and certain animals, forming an organ for storing, diluting, and digesting food
taste buds one of numerous small, flask-shaped bodies, chiefly in the epithelium of the tongue, which are the end organs for the sense of taste
throat the passage from the mouth to the stomach or to the lungs, including the pharynx, esophagus, larynx, and trachea
villi a minute hairlike projection on mucous membrane
Created by: daisy37311