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Session 2 Microbio17

Microbio -17- Traveler's health #1

QuestionAnswer
WHat are the most common disease that are vaccinized against or treated prophylactically Diarrhea, Hep A, Malaria, Yellow Fever, Typhoid
What is the virus common among cruise ships norovirus
What is the most common cause of traveler's diarrhea E. Coli
What is the route of infection of E. Coli causing traveler's diarrhea oral fecal route
What are the less common causes of traveler's diarrhea Campylobacter, shigella, salmonella, viruses and parasites are less common.
What should you advise the patient who is traveling to a foreign country avoid foods that are not steaming hot, raw vegetables and fruite they have not peeled themselves and tap water including ice
What is the recommended antibiotic for prophylaxis by the CDC CDC actually doesn't recommend prophylaxis with travelers diarrhea
What can you give as a more natural prophylaxis for travelers diarrhea probiotics are more natural studies suggest lactobacillus GG may have protection rates up to 47%
What can be given to relieve symptoms in less than 24 hrs for traveler's diarhhea imodium + Cipro
If traveler's diarrhea is associated with high fever or bloody stools what is recommended treatment for adults Cipro for three days
infection that has similar risk factors to traveler's diarrhea, Is viral (RNA picornavirus Single serotype worldwide) and often endemic in certain areas is trasmitted by oral-fecal route of transmission Marked by acute disease and asymptomatic infection Hep A
Is there a chronic infection with Hep A no protective antibodies develop in response to infection and confers lifelong immunity
What are the s/sx of hep a infection include fever, malaise, stomach cramps and Jaundice in adults,
What is the common prevention for Hep A Vaccination and if no vaccination you can give gamma globulin
Common infection worldwide that is transmitted via mosquito Malaria
How many people each year die from malaria one million
What is uncomplicated malaria the classical malaria attack that last 6-10 hours but is rarely observed consists of -a cold stage -a hot stage -a sweating stage
How often doe the classical umcomplicated malaria attack present occurs every second day with tertian parasites and every third day with quartan parasite
HOw can you dx malaria with blood get a blood sample during malaria attack and stain it with giemsa and is the gold standard for lab confirmation of malaria.
Besides blood smear how else can you dx malaria rapid diagnostic test but is only approved for 2 malaria antigens
What stage of the malaria infection are most drugs targeted at most drugs are active against the parasite form in the blood
What is the protocol for a patient who will be traveling to a malaria endemic area give them prophylaxis treatment.
How is yellow fever transmitted transmitted by mosquito bite
What precautions should be taken in yellow fever endemic areas get vaccine and use DEET and permethrin repellents to avoid mosquito bites
Disease caused by Salmonella typhi or paratyphoid Typhoid Fever
What are the main sources of infection with typhoid fever contaminated water, milk and food handlers who are carriers of the disease.
What are the s/sx of typhoid infection insidious onset of fever, headache, constipation, malaise, chills, myalgia (very similar to other infectious disease) Confusion, delerium, intestinal perforation and death may occur in severe cases.
What is the tx for typhoid antimicrobial therapy shortens the clinical course of typhoid fever and reduces the risk of death.
How can you prevent typhoid can be prevented by vaccination or oral route pill
WHat is the dermatological sign of typhoid fever rose spot that blanches with slide
what has been developed that aids in dx of norovirus infection RT-PCR tests that can be used to test stool samples of patient
what is the prognosis and tx for norovirus most patients will be ill on briefly and the greatest fear is dehydration from vomiting and diarrhea
How does norovirus typically present presents as an acute-onset of vomiting, watery non bloody diarrhea with abdominal cramps and nausea
If someone was talking about being infected with norwalk virus what other name could they use to describe their infection norovirus
Created by: Max Smith Max Smith on 2010-01-06



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