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Carr - WH - Part 4

(Carr) Scientific Revolution & The Enlightenment - Exam Review

QuestionAnswer
Nicolaus Copernicus & Johannes Kepler Theory that the sun is the center of the universe.
Galileo Galilei Built the telescope.
Francis Bacon Developed the experimental method.
Rene Descartes Developed analytical geometry.
Isaac Newton Law of gravity.
Charles Hobbes Social contract.
John Locke 3 natural rights of man.
Voltaire Published 70+ books; tolerance, reason, freedon of speech, and freedom of religious belief.
Baron de Montesquieu Separation of power.
Jean Jacques Rousseau Direct democracy.
Cesare Beccaria Abolishment of torture.
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Scientific Revolution A major change in European thought, in which the study of the natural world began to be characterized by careful observation and questioning of accepted beliefs.
Scientific Theory The logical procedure for gathering information about the natural world, using experimentation and observation to prove a hypothesis.
"I think, therefore I am." Rene Descartes
The Enlightenment - Location Europe
The Enlightenment - Time 18th Century
The Enlightenment - Definition A time when thinkers tried to apply principles of reason and scientific method to society.
Separation of power A division of power between different branches of government.
3 Natural Rights fundemental to Declaration of Independence Life, liberty, and property
Reasons colonists were successful in gaining their freedom from England. More motivation; British generals and armies made mistakes; time was on the colonists' side; and the French assisted the colonists.
Created by: dianacarr