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Jake Farr

Enviornmental Study Guide

In which country is the population likely to be increasing most rapidly? Kenya
______ is a biodegradeble material that becomes a pollutant if allowed to accumulate more rapidly than it can compose. Newspaper
Which country is most likely to have either a stabalized or a slowly growing population? Canada
According to the law of supply and demand, what would occure if the supply of oil declined and the demand remained the same? oil prices would increase
Which of the following is a developing nation? Ethiopia
A resident of ________ is likely to leave the largest ecological footprint. United States
Most of today's enviornmental problems began during which period in human history? Industrial Revolution
The term "biodiversity" refers to The number and variety of species that live in an area
The introduction of harmful levels of chemicals or wastes into the enviornment is called pollution
When the last member of a species dies, _______ is said to have occured extinction
In an experiment, the factor of interest is called the variable
Curiosity and imagination are important in science because they are abilities in scientists that help expand our knowledge
The classification and collection of data that are in the form of numbers is called statistics
Which step in the experimental method are scientists conducting when the photograph birds in flight? Observing
A model of a dinosaur is an example of a _______ model. physical
The average mass of a wolf pack in a pack of wolves is an example of mean
The chance that an earthquake will occur in your town during the next year is an example of risk
The group that does not recieve the experimental treatment in an experiment is the control group
Good Scientist demonstrate a habit of mind called _________ when they do not believe everything they are told. skepticism
Equations used to represent how a scientific process works are called _________ models. mathematical
How did the Himalaya Mountains form? Colliding tectonic plates
What are producers of oxygen? plants
The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere
The Richter scale best describes the magnitude of an earthquake
Which is NOT one of the compositional layers of the earth? Mesosphere
Which is NOT a mechanism of energy transfer through of within Earth's atmosphere? Condensation
Deep Currents flow along the Ocean Floor
With respect to matter, Earth is mostly a closed system
The boundary between warm or cold water in an ocean or lake is... thermocline
A volcano is a mountain built from magma
A change in the genetic characteristics of a population from one generation to the next is called evolution
______________ is the process that causes the characteristics of a population to change in a way controlled by humans. Artificial Selection
_________ is a trait that increases an organism's increase of survival. Adaptation
A trait unintentionally selected by humans is called Resistance
A process that cause the characteristics of a population to change in a way that is not controlled by humans Natural Selection
Which invertebrate are really small, allowing them to live on little food and to hide from enemies? Insects
Achaebacteria and Eubacteria are two kingdoms
What would be an abiotic factor in an ecosystem? water
Natural selection is the unequal survival that results from the presense or absense of partuicular traits
What best describes a population? members of the same species living in the same place at the same time
What kind of natural disaster helps some forest communities by allowing some tress to relsease their seeds, by clearing away deadwood, and by encouraging new growth? fire
Which of the following are photosynthetic organisms? freshwater algae
Consumers aare organisms that get solar or other enegry indirectly
Where would an ecologist be least likely to study primary succession the Amazon Rainforest
What term is used to refer to the many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem? food web
Which plant is likely to be a pioneer species? shrubs
Which does not contain carbon from the bodies of plants and animals that died millions of years ago? phosphate salts
What type of succession occurs after a natural process such as a volcanic eruption or flood? secondary succession
Which gas makes up 78 percent of our atmosphere but can only be used by plants only when transformed by bacteria first? nitrogen
Which organism is most likely to be at the bottom trophic level of a food chain? algae
If you visited a savanna, you would likely see large herds of grazing animals such as rhinos, gazelles, and giraffes
Animals that live in the desert are usually nocturnal
Deserts are often formed on the dry side of mountain ranges
the Tundra has a layer of soil that is permanetly frozen beaneath the top soil
Taiga is a forest biome dominated by coniferous trees such as ine
Biomes are usually described by their vegetation
Which are adaptions used by the animals of the artic tundra? Rodents burrow underground for winter protection
The distance north or south of the equator as measured in degrees is called latitude
The main factor that determines what types of plants geow in a biomes is temperature and precipitation
Biomes with higher temperatures and less precipitation tend to have shorter and denser vegetation
Created by: JakeFarr