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Environmental 1

chapter 1

In which country is the population likely to be increasing most rapidly? Kenya
An ecological footprint is the... Amount of land and ocean area needed to support one person.
A resident of... is likel to leave the largest ecological footprint. The United States
The term biodiversity refers to... The number and variety of species that live in an area
Sunlight, air, forests, minerals, and water are all... Natural Resources
The introduction of harmful levels of chemicals or wastes into the environment is called... Pollution
When the last member of a species dies,... is said to have occurred Extiction
Copper ore, petroleum, and diamonds are all... non renewable resources
During the... period, plants and animals were domesticated and human populations grew rapidly agricultural
Residents of... countries make up about 80% of the world's total population. developing
The classification and collection of data that are in the form of numbers is called... Statistics
The group bthat does not recieve the experimental treatment in an experiment is the... control group
In an experiment, the factor of interest is called the... variable
The average mass of a wolf in a pack of wolves is an example of... mean
A model of a dinosaur is an example of a... model physical
The chance that an earthquake will occur in your town during the next year is an example of... risk
Which step in the experimental method are scientists conducting when they photograph birds in flight? observing
Curiosity and imiagination are important in scince because they are... abilities in scientists that help expand our knowledge
What essintial characteristic does a good experiment have? A single variable tested and a control is used
The chance that an event will happen is known as... probability
How did the Himilaya mountains form? colliding tectonic plates
What are wind and water erosin not likely to effect? Tides
The ozone layer is located in the... stratosphere
The richter scale best decribes the... magnitude of an earthquake
Deep currents flow along the... ocean floor
With respect to energy, earth is a... closed system
with respect to matter, earth is mostly a... closed system
What are the pieces of that compose the lithosphere? tectonic plates
A volcano is a mountain built from... magma
Ozone is a molecule made up of... 3 oxygen atoms
Change in the genetic characteristics in a population from one generation to the next is... evolution
Process that causes the characteristics of a population to change in a way controlled by humans is... artificial selection
Trait that increases an organisms chance of survival is... adaptation
Trait unintentionally selected by humans is... resistance
Process that causes the characteristics of a population to change without human control is... natural selection
Many angiosperms depend on animals for... ditributing seeds and providing food
Archaebacteria and eubacteria are... two kingdoms
The place that contains everything an organism needs is its... habitat
A desert ecosystem contains... air, living things, and sand
Which two kingdoms contain organisms that can use energy from the sun to make food? protists and plants
Consumers are organisms that... get solar or other energy directly
what term is used to refer to the many feeding relationships that are possible in an ecosystem? food web
What type of vegetation would you expect to find on an abandoned farm that has remained undisturbed for 150 years? tall, mature oak trees
succession is possible because... new speices make the environment less suitable for previous ones
The first species to colonize any newly available area are known as... pioneer species
Horses and cattle are... because they eat only producers. herbivores
During primary succession,... often begin the process by breaking down the rocks into soil. lichens
A process in which energy from the sun is used to make sugar molecules is called... photosynthesis
Organisms that get their food by breaking down dead organisms are called... decomposers
Nitrogen fixing bacteria live within nodules on the roots of plants called... legumes
The main factor that determines what type of plants grow in a biome is... temperature and percipitation
Tropical rainforests are threatened by... deforestation and the trade of rain forest plants and animals
The deforestation of the rain forests may cause climate changes which, in turn, may affect... flooding
The tundra... has a layer of soil that is permanently frozen beneath the top soil
Biomes... are usually described by their vegetation
The distance north and south of the equator, as measured in degrees, is called... latitude
Animals that live in the desert... are usually nocturnal
Estivating is... sleeping through the dry season
Deserts are... often formed on the dry side of mountain ranges
The climate of a biome is determined mostly by average... and percipitation temperature
Created by: mcupp