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Stack #32034

Chapter 14 Cells: The Basic Units of Life

cell smallest unit that can perform all life processes
cell Membrane a protective layer that covers the cell's surface and acts as a barrier
cytoplasm the fluid inside the cell and almost all of its contents
organelles one of the small bodies in a cell's cytoplasm that are specialized to perform a specific function
nucleus in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell's DNA and that has a role in processes such as growth,metabolism, and reproduction
DNA genetic material that carries information needed to make new cells
prokaryote an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have a nucleus..eubacteria and archaebacteria
eukaryotes an organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane..include animals, plants,and fungi
cell wall a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell
ribosome cell organelle composed of RNA and protein;the site of protein synthesis
endoplasmic reticulum a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and that assists in the production, processing and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids
mitochondrion in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration
chloroplast organelles in plant and algae cells in which photosynthesis takes place
Golgi complex cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be transported out of the cell
vesicle a small cavity or sac that contains materials in a eukaryotic cell
lysosome a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes
tissue a group of similar cells that perform a common function
organ a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
organ system a group of organs that work together to perform body functions
organism a living thing;anthing that can carry out life processes independently
structure the arrangement of parts in an organism
function the special, normal, or proper activity of an organ or part
Created by: milljkrx