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Important Science

This colorful theorem was proved in 1976 by Kenneth Appel and Wolfgang Haken. States that any plane divided into contiguous sectors can be colored using at most four colors so that no region contains the same color as one adjacent to it. Four Color Theorem
This element has atomic number 30, and is found as an alloy in brass. Zinc
The concept of this figure was first conceived by Heron of Alexandria in 1 AD. This figure raised to itself is .208, and when raised to the fourth power it is 1. Complex number (i)
This particular emprical measure for wind speed is based on sea conditions. It was created in 1805 by an irish born british admiral. Beaufort wind force scale
This device was first patented in 1791 by Thomas Saint, but the first functioning one was built by Josef Madersperger in 1814. Sewing Machine
Born in 1776, this Italian chemist is famous for a namesake constant used in chemistry as the number of molecules in one mole of a substance. Amedeo Avogadro
Born in 1778, he published "On Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity" in 1806. He is famous for isolating several elements via electrolysis. Sir Humphrey Davy
This organization, founded in 1919, it is responsible for developing standards for the naming of the chemical elements and their compounds. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)
This device was invented in 1952 by Donald A. Glaser for which he was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physics. It is a vessel filled with a superheated transparent liquid used to detect electrically charged particles moving through it. Bubble Chamber
Charles Thomas Rees Wilson invented this device in 1911. It is similar to a bubble chamber, except it uses a superheated gas instead of a superheated liquid. Cloud Chamber
This English engineer and inventor was born in 1813, and is the namesake of a process used in the creation of cheap steel via the injection of oxygen into molten iron. Sir Henry Bessemer
This French lawyer is credited with developments in mathematics that led to Calculus. He is known for a namesake Little Theorem and a namesake Last Theorem. Pierre de Fermat
This term can be defined as a change in direction of the rotation axis in which the second Euler angle is constant. In physics, there are two types: torque-free and torque-induced. Precession
This chemistry term refers to atoms, molecules, or ions with unpaired electrons on an open shell configuration. The unpaired electrons cause them to be highly chemically reactive. Free Radicals
This German physicist was born in 1824, and coined the term "Black-Body Radiation." He also contributed in the development of electrical circuits and spectroscopy. Gustav Kirchhoff
Ewald Georg von Kleist invented this in October 1745. It a passive electronic component consisting of a pair of conductors separated by a dielectric. When voltage exists across the conductors, an electric field is present in the dielectric. Capacitor
This is the space surrounding an electric charge or in the presence of a time-varying magnetic field. It exerts a force on other electrically charged objects. The concept of it was introduced by Michael Faraday. Name this electrostatics term. Electric Field
These are the electrically insulating material between the metallic plates of a capacitor. An effective one typically contains polar molecules that reorient in external electric field. Dielectric
When connected in this way, components have the same potential difference across their ends. The potential differences across the components are the same in magnitude. The total current is the sum of the currents through the individual components. Parallel
Stoke's Law is used to determine the amount of this force on an object. In fluid mechanics, it can be given by a Reynolds Number. This has a value of 0 in D'Alemberts Paradox. Name this physics term that opposes thrust. Drag
This man is known for a namesake law, which is now one of the Maxwell Equations. The law relates the integrated magnetic field around a closed loop to the electric current passing through the loop. Name this man, for whom the SI unit of electric current Ampère
Created by: Doomination