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AWA Chp 13

AWA Chp 13- Prejudice: Causes and Cures

QuestionAnswer
Prejudice A hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group
Stereotype A generalization about a group of people in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members
Discrimination Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group simply because of his or her membership in that group
Out-Group Homogeneity The perception that individuals in the out-group are more similar to each other (homogenous) than they really are, as well as more similar to the in-group are
Illusory Correlation The tendency to see correlations between things that are unrelated
Two Step Model of the Cognitive Processing of Stereotypes Automatic P- Occurs whenever an appropriate stimulus is encountered, stereotypes are accessed from memory [occurs w/o awareness Controlled Processing- occurs with your awareness, when you choose to ignore or disregard to info that has been brought to mind
Ultimate Attribution Error The tendency to make dispositional attributions about an entire group of people
Stereotype Threat The apprehension experienced by members of a group that their behavior might confirm a cultural stereotype
Blaming the Victim The tendency to blame the individuals for their victimization, typically motivated by a desire to see the world a fair place
Prejudice A hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable group of people, based solely on their membership in that group
Stereotype A generalization about a group of people in which certain traits are assigned to virtually all members of the group, regardless of actual variation among the members
Discrimination Unjustified negative or harmful action toward a member of a group simply because of his or her membership in that group
Out-Group Homogeneity The perception that individuals in the out-group are more similar to each other (homogenous) than they really are, as well as more similar to the in-group are
Illusory Correlation The tendency to see correlations between things that are unrelated
Two Step Model of the Cognitive Processing of Stereotypes Automatic P- Occurs whenever an appropriate stimulus is encountered, stereotypes are accessed from memory [occurs w/o awareness Controlled Processing- occurs with your awareness, when you choose to ignore or disregard to info that has been brought to mind
Ultimate Attribution Error The tendency to make dispositional attributions about an entire group of people
Stereotype Threat The apprehension experienced by members of a group that their behavior might confirm a cultural stereotype
Blaming the Victim The tendency to blame the individuals for their victimization, typically motivated by a desire to see the world a fair place
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy A case where if people have an expectation about someone or another group, they will treat them differently or alter their own behavior, therefore causes that person or group to act according to original expectations
Realistic Conflict Theory Idea that limited resources lead to conflict between groups and result in increased prejudice and discrimination
Scapegoating Tendency for individuals to blame stuff on other groups that are disliked, visible, and powerless
Institutionalized Racism Racist attitudes that are held by a vast majority of people living in a society where discriminating is the norm
Normative Comformity Tendency to go along with the group in order to fulfill the group's expectations and gain acceptance
Modern Racism Outwardly acting unpreudiced while inwardly maintaining prejudice attitudes
Jigsaw Classroom A classroom setting designed to reduce prejudice and raise self-esteem of children by placing them in small groups and making each child dependent on the other
Created by: meganschaeffer on 2009-11-22



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