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Water Nutr.

Water balance

What is water balance? The balance between water intake and output.
What is Intracellular fluid? Fluid within the cells, usually high in potassium and phosphate.Accounts for 2/3s of the body's water.
What is Interstitial fluid? Fluid between the cells, usually high in Na and chloride. A large component of extracellular fluid.
What is Extracellular fluid? Fluid outside the cells. Includes two main components - the interstitial fluid and plasma. Accounts for Approx. 1/3 of the body's water.
What is thirst? A conscious desire to drink.
what is dehydration? the condition in which body water output exceeds water input. Symptoms include thirst, dry skin, and mucous membranes, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure, and weakness.
What is water intoxication? the rare condition in which body water contents are too high in all body fluid compartments.
What are the symptoms of 1-2% body weight loss? Thirst, fatigue, weakness, vague discomfort, loss of appetite.
What are the symptoms of 3-4% body weight loss? Impaired physical performance, dry mouth, reduction in urine, flushed skin, impatience, apathy.
What are the symptoms of 5-6% body weight loss? Difficulty concentrating headache, irritability, sleepiness, impaired temperature regulation, increased respiratory rate.
What are the symptoms of 7-10% body weight loss? Dizziness, spastic muscles, loss of balance, delirium, exhaustion, collapse.
What are protein electrons involved in? Water placement.
RDA for water? 1450-2800 milliliters 1-1.5 mil./ kcal expended for adults (approx. 2-3 liters for a 2000 kcal expenditure. M 3.7L/day F 2.7L/day
What is the percentage of water weight in an average young adult? 60-65%
Where will you find most of the body's water? Intracellular Intravascular Interstitial Extracellular
What is Hard water? Water with high Ca and Mg content. Leaves a residue. Benefits hypertension and heart disease.
What is Soft water? Water with high Na or K content. Aggravates hypertension and heart disease.
What is Artesian water? water drawn for a well that taps a confined aquifer in which the water in under pressure.
What is bottled water? drinking water sold in bottles.
What is Carbonated water? water that contains carbon dioxide gas, either naturally occurring or added, that causes bubbles to form in it.
What is Distilled water? water that has been vaporized and recondensed, leaving it free of dissolved minerals.
What is filtered water? water treated by filtration, usually through activated carbon filters that reduce the lead in tap water, or by reverse osmosis units that force pressured water across a membrane removing leading, arsenic, and some microogranisms for tap water.
What is mineral water? water from a spring or well that typically contains 250 to 500 parts per million of minerals. Minerals give water a distinctive flavor. Many are high in sodium.
Created by: wintergirl15