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Mineral for Nutr.


Define Macrominerals. Need > 100 mg. (Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Sulfate)
Define Microminerals. Need < 100 mg. (Iron, Zinc, Copper, Chromium, Selenium, Fluoride, Iodine, Cobalt)
What minerals effect Blood Pressure and Blood Volume? Sodium, Potassium, Chloride.
What microminerals are foound in animals? Iron and Zinc.
Where can you find minerals? in animals and plants, but more so in animals.
Are minerals organic? No.
Are minerals destructable? No.
Can minerals be toxic when taken in excess? Yes.
What do binders do? Are found in food and combine chemically with minerals and prevent absorption.
What do phyates match with? Iron.
Where are phyates founds? Legumes and grains.
Where are Oxalates found? In spinach and rhubarb.
Increased Na excretes more what? Ca
P binds with what in the GI tract? Mg
What minerals are involved in fluid balance? Na, K, Chloride
What minerals are involved in bone health and growth? Ca, P, Mg
Enema causes what? Decreased absorption.
6 elements of Bioavalibility? Person's need, Phytates, Dietary Fiber, Oxalates, Competing minerals, Acidity of intestines.
What do minerals and vitamins have in common? All are essential (our body doesn't produce them), are found in a variety of foods, Can be toxic if taken in excess.
What don't minerals and vitamins have in common? Minerals are more toxic, Vitamin are organic,minerals are inorganic, vitamins can be destroyed, minerals don't have precursors, minerals form animals are proportional to for humans, Bioavaliblity is more common in minerals than vitamins.
Created by: wintergirl15