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Med. Terminology

Chapter 5 words

angi/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o fatty substance
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
hemangi/o blood vessel
phleb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot
valv/o valve
vascul/o blood vessel
valvul/o valve
vas/o vessel, duct
ven/o vein
ventricul/o ventricle
-nanometer instrument to measure pressure
-ole small
-tension pressure
-ule small
-gram record or picture
-itis inflammation
-plasty surgical repair
-spasm involuntary muscle contraction
-stenosis narrowing of
-ic pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ole small
-rrhexis rupture
-ectomy surgical removal
-oma tumor, mass
inter- among, between
brady- slow
tachy- rapid, fast
-megaly enlargement, large
-logist one who studies
-ary pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
Auscultation the process of listening to the sounds within the body by using a stethoscope.
Catheter A flexible tube inserted into the body for the purpose of moving fluids into or out of the body.
Infarct An area of tissue within the organ or part that undergoes necrosis (death) following the loss of its blood supply.
Ischemia The localized and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to an obstruction to the circulation.
Murmur An abnormal heart sound such as a soft blowing sound or harsh click. (Bruit)
Orthostatic Hypotension the sudden drop in blood pressure a person experiences when standing up suddenly.
Palpitations Pounding, racing heartbeats
Plaque a yellow, fatty deposit of lipids in an artery that are the hallmark of artherosclerosis.
Regurgitation to flow backwards
Stent a stainless steel tube placed within a blood vessel or a duct to widen the lumen
Stethoscope instrument for listening to the body sounds, like the chest, heart or intestines.
Arrhythmia irregularity in the heartbeat or action.Some are serious and some aren't.
Congenial septal defect A hole, present at birth, in the septum between two heart chambers
Congenial heart failure Pathological condition of the heart in which there is a reduced outflow of blood from the left side of the heart because the left ventricle myocardium has become too weak to efficiently pump blood.
Coronary artery disease insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle due to an obstruction of one or more coronary arteries.
Fibrillation An extremely serious arrhythmia characterized by an abnormal quivering or contraction of heart fibers.
Flutter An arrhythmia in which the atria beat too rapidly, but in a regular pattern.
Heart valve prolapse condition in which the cusps or flaps of the heart valve are too loose and fail to shut tightly, allowing blood to flow backward through the valve when the heart chamber contracts.
Tetralogy of Fallot Combination of four congenial anomalies: pulmonary stenosis,an interventricular septal defect, improper placement of the aorta & hypertrophy of the right ventricle.
Aneurysm weakness in the wall of an artery resulting in localized widening of the artery.
Arteriosclerosis Thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of the arteries
Atherosclerosis the most common form of arteriosclerosis; caused by the formation of yellowish plaques of cholesterol on the inner walls of arteries
Coarctation of the Aorta severe congenital narrowing of the aorta
Embolus the obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot that has broken off from a thrombus somewhere else in the body and traveled to the point of obstruction
Hemorrhoid varicose veins in the anal region
Patient ductus arteriosus congenital heart anomaly in which the fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta fails to close at birth
Peripheral vascular disease any abnormal condition affecting blood vessels outside the heart
Raynaud's phenomenon Periodic ischemic attacks affecting the extremities of the body, especially the fingers, toes, ears and nose
Varicose veins swollen and distended veins, usu. in the legs
AF Atrial Fibrillation
AMI Acute myocardial infarction
AS arteriosclerosis
ASD atrial septal defect
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV atrioventricular
BBB bundle branch block
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
cath catheterization
CC cardiac catheterization
CCU coronary care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CoA coarctation of the aorta
CP chest pains
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSD congenital septal defect
CV cardiovascular
DVT deep vein thrombosis
ECC extracorporeal circulation
ECK, EKG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
GOT glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
HTN hypertension
ICU intensive care unit
IV intravenous
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LVAD left ventricular assist device
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MI myocardial infarction, mitral insufficiency
MR mitral regurgitation
MS mitral stenosis
MVP mitral valve prolapse
P pulse
PAC premature atrial contraction
PDA patent ductus arteriosus
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVC premature ventricular contraction
S1 first heart sound
S2 second heart sound
SA sinoatrial
SGOT serum glutamic oxaloacetic transminase
SK streptokinase
tPA tissue-type plasminogen activator
Vfib ventricular fibrillation
VSD ventricular septal defect
VT Ventricular tachycardia
Created by: jenrod1992