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Schools and Society

Techer certification-ed history

a person who uses specific skills to complete well-defined tasks technician
Federal monies provided to states and school districts with few restrictions for use block grants
Monies targeted for specific groups and designated purposes categorical grants
Alternative schools that are independently operated by publicly funded charter schools
An educational option in which parents educate their children at home homeschooling
A group of elected lay citizens responsible for setting policies that determine how a school district operates local school board
The individual who has the ultimate administrative responsibility for the school’s operation principal
An administrative unit within a state, defined by geographical boundaries, and legally responsible for the public education of children within those boundaries school district
A school management reform movement that attempts to place increased responsibility for governance at the individual school level site-based decision making
The legal governing body that exercises general control and supervision of the schools in a state state board of education
Office responsible for implementing a state’s education policy on a day-to-day basis state office of education
A variation on school voucher programs in which parents are given tax credits for money they spend on private-school tuition state tuition tax-credit plans
The school district’s head administrative officer, along with his or her staff, responsible for implementing that policy in the district’s schools superintendent
A set of adaptive tools that support students with disabilities in learning activities and daily life tasks assistive technology
An electronic message center for a given topic bulletin board
A site on the internet where many people can simultaneously communicate in real time chat room
A linked form of multimedia that allows learners to make connections to different points in the program based on their background knowledge and learning progress hypermedia
Pictures displayed on computer screens that act as symbols for some action or item icon
Programs, either in software or web-based form, that model a system or process simulation
Computer programs that are used to organize and manipulate numerical data. spreadsheet program
A software program that delivers an entire integrated instructional sequence similar to a teacher’s instruction on the topic tutorial
A secondary school that focused on the practical needs of colonial America as a growing nation academy
A process of socializing people so that they adopt dominant social norms and patterns of behavior assimilation
A curriculum approach to developing student morality suggesting that moral values an positive character traits, such as honesty and citizenship, should be emphasized, taught, and rewarded. character education
A historical attempt to make education available to all children in the United States common school movement
Government attempts to create more equal educational opportunities for disadvantaged youth compensatory high school
A secondary school that attempts to meet the needs of all students by housing them together and providing curricular options geared toward a variety of student ability levels and interests comprehensive education programs
A free secondary school designed to meet the needs of boys not planning to attend college English classical school
A federal compensatory education program designed to help 3- to 5-year-old disadvantaged children enter school ready to learn Head Start
Schools that were originally designed in the early 1900s to provide a unique academic curriculum for early adolescent youth Jr. High schools
A college-preparatory school originally designed to help boys prepare for the ministry, or later, for a career in law Latin grammar schools
Public schools that provide innovative or specialized programs that attempt to attract students from all parts of a district magnet schools
Schools, typically for grades 6-8, specifically designed to help students through the rapid social, emotional, and intellectual changes characteristic of early adolescence middle schools
Two-year institutions developed in the early 1800s to prepare prospective elementary teachers normal schools
Early colonial law designed to create scripture-literate citizens who would thwart Satan’s trickery Old Deluder Satan Act
Education that is always seeking to improve and progress further for the good of those in it progressive education
A federal compensatory education program that funds supplemental education services for low-income students in elementary and secondary schools. Title I
A check or written document that parents can use to purchase education services vouchers
A general term for federal programs designed to eradicate poverty during the 1960s. War on Poverty
A policy segregating minorities in ed, transpor, housing, & other areas of public life if opportunities & facilities were considered equal to those of non-minorities. separate but equal
In ed, the policy was evidenced by separate schools w/ diff curricula, teaching methods, teachers, & resources. separate but equal
problem-solving in ill-defined situation, based on professional knowledge decision-making
sets of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior ethics
assessments that states & districts use to determine whether or not students will advance from 1 grade to another, graduate from high school, or have access to specific fields of study high-stakes testing
rewards that come from within oneself & are personally satisfying for emotional or intellectual rewards intrinsic rewards
a supplement to a teacher's base salary intended to reward superior performance or work in a high-needed area such as special ed. or teaching in urban schools merit pay
a collection of representative work materials to document developing knowledge & skills portfolio
an occupation characterized by a specialized body of knowledge with emphasis on autonomy, decision making, reflection, & ethical standards for conduct professionalism
the process of requiring students to demonstrate understanding of the topics they study as measure by standardized tests, as well as holding educators at all levels responsible for students' performance accountability
what teachers teach curriculum
the process of teachers' thinking about and analyzing their work to assess its effectiveness reflection
suggested changes in teaching & teacher preparation intended to increase the amount students learn reforms
statements specifying what students should know & what skills they should have upon completing an area of study standards
the capacity to control one's own professional life autonomy
rewards that come from outside oneself, such as job security and vacations extrinsic rewards
how student understanding is measured assessment
Created by: 568587036