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Sociology The scientific study of social behavior and human groups
Sociological Imagination An awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past.
Anomie The loss of behavior in a society when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective
Macro Sociology Sociological investigation that concentrates on large-scale phenomena or entire civilization
Micro sociology Sociological investigation that stresses the study of small groups, often through experimental means
Functionalist Perspective A sociological approach that emphasizes the way in which the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability
Conflict Perspective A sociological approach that assumes that social behavior is best understood in the terms of a series of conflict or tension between groups
Feminist Perspective A sociological approach that views inequity in gender as central in all behavior and organizations
Interactionist Perspective A sociological approach that generalizes about everyday forms of social interaction in order to explain society as a whole
August Comte 1798-1857 Credited with being the most influential of the philosophers of the early 1800's. He coined the term sociology to apply to the science of human behavior
Harriet Matineau Translated the works of Comte into English. 1802-1876 She also offered insightful observation of the customs and social practices of both her native Britain and the United States
Herbert Spencer 1820-1903 He did not feel compelled to correct or improve society; instead he merely hoped to understand it
Emile Durkheim 1858-1917 He insisted that behavior must be understood within a larger social context. not just in individualistic terms
Max Weber 1864-1920 "verstehen"Understanding or insight. To fully comprehend behavior, we must learn the subjective meanings people attach to their actions. 'Ideal type" To construct or model for evaluating specific cases. To created a useful standard for measur
Karl Marx 1818-1883 society was fundamentally divided between two classes that clashed in pursuit of their own interest
Charles Horton Cooley 1864-1929 He preferred to use the sociological perspective to look first at smaller units, intimate, face to face groups such as family, gangs, and friendship networks
Created by: Rtriana343