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VA Science SOL 5.5

Flashcards for study guide

Name the green chemical in plants chlorophyll
What does chlorophyll allow plants to do? Use the sun's energy to make food
What else do plants need to make food? water, minerals and carbon dioxide
What are the basic building blocks of ALL living things? CELLS
What do cells in leaves do? Help the plant to make food
What parts transport food? tube-like structures
What are "tissues"? Tissues carry water and minerals
Looking at plant cells on what does a plant cell have that an animal cell does not? Cell wall, Large Vacuoles, chloroplasts.
What are the major plant groups? Vascular and Non-Vascular
Explain vascular: plants with tubes that allow the plants to grow tall
Explain nonvascular: plants without tubes that must grow low to the ground
Example of nonvascular plant: moss, liverworts
In the vascular division, what are the two groups? seed bearing, and seedless
How do non-seed plants reproduce? Spores
Example of a non-seed plant. Fern
What are the five kingdoms of living things? Animal, Plant, Moneran, Protist, Fungi
What makes animals different from plants? Animals cannot make their own food.
In the animal kingdom, how are they divided into smaller groups? Vertebrate, Invertebrate
Explain vertebrate: Vertebrates have a back bone
Explain invertebrate: Invertebrates do not have a back bone
Example of a vertebrate: dogs, cats, horses, us
Example of an invertebrate: Jellyfish
What two parts are in a plant cell but not in an animal cell? cell wall and chloroplasts
Define Chloroplast part of a plant cell, contains chlorophyll used in photosynthesis
Define Cytoplasm Jelly Like substance that all parts of the cell float in.
Define Cell Wall Outer layer of the plant cell. Gives the plant cell structure and support.
Define Cell Membrane Allows water, nutrients and food to pass in and out of the cell.
Define Nucleus Control Center of the cell; the "brain" of the cell
Define Vacuole Storage area of the cell
Bacteria is a member of what kingdom? Moneran