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PCOM Medical Term

Chapter 12

adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus, air sac
bronch/o, bronchi/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottus
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lob/o lobe of lung
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o, pheumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o rose
sinus/o sinus cavity
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsil/o tonsils
trache/o trachea
-ana again, new, upward, back
inter- between
Adenoids Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
alveolus air sac in the lung
base of lung lower portion of the lung
bronchioles smallest branches f the bronchi. Terminal bronchioles lead to alveolar ducts
bronchus branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is the passenger into the lung bronchial tube.
carbon dioxide gas produced by the body cells when oxygen and food combine;exhaled through lungs
cilia thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining and resp. tract
diaphragm muscle separating the chest and abdomen, It contracts and relaxes to make breathing possible
epiglottis lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
expiration breathing out
glottis slit like opening o the larynx
hilum (of lung) midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels and nerves enter and exit the lungs
inspiration breathing in
larynx voice box containing vocal cords
lobe division of lung
mediastinum region between the lungs in the chest cavitiy It contains the trachea, heart, aorta, esphagus and bronchial tubes
nares opening through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavity
oxygen gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
palantine tonsil one pair of almond shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
paranasal sinuses one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
parietal pleura outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall
pharynx throat including the nasopharynx oropharynx and laryngopharynx
pleura double folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavity space between the folds of pleura
trachea windpipe
pulmonary parenchyma essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration, bronchioles, and the alveoli
respiration process of moving air into and out of the lungs breathing
viceral pleura inner fold f pleura closer to the lung tissue
auscultation listening to sounds within the body
percussion tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the underlying structure
pleural rub scrathy sound produced by motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubbing against each other; also calld friction rub
rale fine cracking sound heard on auscultation wen there is fluid in the alveoli
wheeze continuous high pitched whistling sound heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspriation
stridor strained high pitched relatively loud sound made on inspiration associated with obstruction of the larynx or trachea
sputum material expelled from the chest by coughing or clearing the throat
rhoncus loud rumbling sound heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
croup acute viral infection in infants and children; characterized by obstruction of the larynx barking cough and stridor
diphtheria acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria baterium
epitaxis nosebleed
pertussis highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx larynx and trachea caused by bordetella pertussis
asthma chronic inflammation disorder with airway obstruction caused by bronchial edema, bronchoconstriction and increased mucus production
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection in the lower lobes of the lung
chronic bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi persisting over a long time
cystic fibrosis inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that d notdrain normally
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation infection and bronchitis
pneumonia acute inflammation and infection of aveoli which fill with pus or products of teh inflammatory system
pulmonary edema swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary abscess a large collection of pus in the lungs
lung cancer malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi
emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with obstruction of alveolar walls
atelectasis Incomplete expansion of the aveoli collasped functionless airless lung or portion of a lung caused by tumor or other obstruction of the bronchus or poor respiratory effort
mesothelioma rare malignant tumor arasing in the pleura associated with asbestos exposure
pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
pleurisy (pleuritis) inflammation of the pleura
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural space
pulmonary embolism clot or other material lodges in vessel of the lung
pulmonary fibrosis formation of scar tissue in the connective in the lungs
sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs lymph nodes and other organs
Tuberculosis infectious disease caused by myobacterium tuberculosis lungs usually are involved but any organ in the body can be affected
laryngoscopy visual examination of the voice box
bronchoscopy fiber optic or rigid endoscope inserted into the bronchial tubes for diagnosis biopsy or collection of specimans
endotracheal intubation placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx larynx and trachea to establish an airway
Created by: urbandanzer