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PCOM Medical Term

Chapter 16

adip/o fat
albin/o white
caus/o burn, burning
cauter/o heat, burn
cutane/o skin
dermo/o, dermat/o skin
diaphor/o profuse sweating
erythem/o, erythemat/o redness
hidr/o sweat
ichthy/o scaly, dry
kerat/o hard, horny tissue
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
melan/o black
myc/o fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
onych/o nail
phyt/o plant
pil/o hair, hair follicle
py/o pus
rhytid/o wrinkle
seb/o sebum
squam/o scale-like
steat/o fat
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
albin/o white
anthrac/o black, coal
chlor/o green
cirrh/o tawny yellow
cyan/o blue
eosin/o rosy
erythr/o red
jaund/o yellow
leuk/o white
lute/o yellow
melan/o black
poli/o grey
xanth/o yellow
Albino person with skin deficient pigment (melanin)
Apocrine Sweat Gland One of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor
Basal Deepest region of the epidermis;it gives rise to all the epidermis cells
Collagen Structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
Cuticle Band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
Dermis Middle layer of the skin
Eccrine Sweat Gland Most numerous sweat producing exocrine gland in the skin
epidermis outermost layer of the skin
hair follicle sac within which each hair grows
integumentary system the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
keratin hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails, keratin means horn and commonly found in the horns of animals
lipocyte a fat cell
lunula the half moon shaped, whitish area at the base of the nail
melain major skin pigment. It is formd by melanocytes in the epidermis
paronychium soft tissue surrounding the nail border
pore tiny opening on the surface of the skin
sebaccous gland oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hair follicle
sebum oily substance secreted by sebaceuos glands
squamous epithemlium flat, scale like cells composing the epidermis
stratified arranged inlayers
stratum a layer of cells
stratum corneum outermost layer of epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells
subcutaneous layer innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
crust collection of dried serum and cellular debris
cyst thick walled,closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semi-solid material
erosion wearing away or lost of epidermis
fissure groove or crack like sore
macule discolored (often reddened) flat lesion
nodule solid round or oval elevated lesion more than one cm in diameter
papule small less than 1cm in diameter, solid elevation of the skin...pimple
polyp benign growth extending from the surface of mucous membrane
pustule small elevation of the skin containing pus
ulcer open sore on the skin or mucous membrane within the body
vesicle small collection of clear fluid (serum;blister)
wheal smooth, slightly elevated area that is redder or paler than surrounding skin
alopecia absence of hair from areas wear it normally grows
ecchymosis bluish mark or bruise on the skin
pelechia small pinpoint hemorrhage
pruritus itching
urticaria aka hives acute allergic reaction in which red round wheals develop on the skin
acne chronic papular and pustular eruption of the skin with increase production of sebum
burns injury to tissue due to heat contact
cellulitis diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain and swelling
eczema inflammatory skin disease with erythematous papulovesicular lesions
exanthematous viral disease rash (exanthema) of the skin due to viral infection
gangrene death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
impetigo bacteria inflammtory skin disease characterized by vesicle pustules and crusted over lesions
psoriasis chronic recurrent dermatosis marked by itching scaly red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
scabies contagious parasitic skin infection with intense pruritis
scleroderma chronic progressive skin disease with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue
tinea infection of skin caused by fungus
vitiligo loss of pigment in areas of skin
callus increased growth of cells in keratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or frictiion
keliod hypertrophied thickened scar occuring after trauma or surgical incision
keratosis thickened reddening area of epidermis associated with aging or skin damage
leukoplakia white thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek
nevus pigmented lesion of the skin
verruca epidermal growth (wart) caused by a virus
basal cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
squamous cell carcinoma malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells of the epidermis
Malignat melanoma cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
Created by: urbandanzer