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Form and Analysis

music class vocabulary

motive (motif) short melodic and/or rhythmic figure that RECURS throughout a composition or a section of a unifying element.
sequence the immediate restatement of a melodic motive or longer figure in the same instrumental or vocal part at a higher or lower pitch.
sequence segment each separate unit of a sequence.
retrograde backwards.
sequence rule 1 Sequence requires at least two segments.
sequence rule 2 Most sequences have no more than four segments.
sequence rule 3 Sequences usually have only one direction.
sequence rule 4 Sequence segments usually continue by the same interval distance.
EXAMPLE for sequence rule 4 If first segment starts on C, second segment starts on E, then remainder of segments will continue in thirds.
real sequence contains continuing segments that are an exact transposition of the first segment. (It usually has accidentals; it has the exact same numeric pattern as the first segment).
tonal sequence accommodates diatonic scale, so only diatonic notes of the scale are used. Transposition of the segments may not be exact.
augmentation (of a sequence) longer note lengths (length=value)
diminution (of a sequence) shorter note lengths
inversion if the original (or first segment) is ascending, then the inverted descends (and vice-versa).
Created by: DDavis