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General Science M01

Science An endeavor dedicated to the accumulation and classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world.
Imhotep Renowned for his knowledge of medicine
Papyrus An ancient form of paper, made from a plant of the same name.
Thales One of the first scientists who studied the heavens
Anaximander First scientist who tried to explain the origin of life without reference to a creator.
Anaximenes Scientist who believed everything was made from air.
Leucippus Father of the atomic theory
Democritus Scientist who believed that all matter was similar to sand.
Density How tightly packed matter is
Aristotle Father of life sciences.
Spontaneous Generation The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances.
Archimedes First scientist who demonstrated how closely mathematics and science are linked.
Ptolemy Came up with Ptolemaic or Geocentric System
Ptolemaic or Geocentric System Assumes that the earth sits at the center of the universe and all planets travel around it.
Alchemists Wanted to find a means by which a substance could be transformed into gold
Supernova The explosion of a star
Nebula The remains of an exploaded star
Robert Grosseteste Father of the scientific method
Dietrich Von Freiberg The priest who solved the mystery of the rainbow
Roger Bacon Tried to use science to break the shackles of superstition
Thomas Bradwardine One of the first scientists to dispute Aristotle's findings
Nicholas of Cusa His studies of the planets was one of the first to break from Ptolemy's geocentric view.
Nicolaus Copernicus Came up with the Copernican or Heliocentric System
Copernican or Heliocentric System Assumed the sun was at the center of the universe and all planets revolved around it
Andreas Vesalius Author of book detailing the human body
Johannes Kepler His oberservations detailed how planets travel in an oval pattern called an ellipse.
Galileo Associated with the discovery of the telescope
Blaise Pascal He demonstrated the effects of atmospheric pressure.
Sir Isaac Newton Wrote "Principia," which states the three laws of motion
Robert Boyle Founder of modern chemistry
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Built the first microscope
Carolus Linnaeus Published book which classified all living creatures
Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier Discovered Law of Mass Conservation and the first to explain combustion
John Dalton Founder of modern atomic theory
Charles R. Darwin Wrote the book "The Origin of Species" and developed the theory we now call evolution.
Louis Pasteur Developed a process called pasteurization
Sir Charles Lyell Influenced Darwin due to his view that earth is millions of years old
Gregor Mendel Studied reproduction and provided ground work for the field of modern genetics
Michael Faraday His experiments and ideas about electricity earned him the title of "the electrical giant"
James Clark Maxwell Founder of modern physics
James Joule Discovered the First Law of Thermodynamics
Max Planck His ideas formed the study of quantum mechanics
Albert Einstein Developed the theory of relativity
Niels Bohr Developed a picture of the atom
Created by: cladnr