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Ch.4 Review

Terms & Defs

Cover / Lines This type of Epithelial Tissue - - - - - - the body and organ surfaces, and - - - - - the internal spaces.
Functions of Epithelial Tissue Protection, Filtration, Secretion, Excretion, & Sensory
Glandular Epitheliam Produces products and releases from cell.
Squamous, Columnar, Cuboidal, Transitional Four primary cell shapes in an epitheliam.
Squamous Thin, flattened cells
Cuboidal Cube-shaped cells
Columnar Column-shaped cells
Transitional Change from round to flattened
Simple Epitheliam 1 layer thick
Stratified Epitheliam 2 or more layers of cells
Gland 1 cell or group of cells that make and release product.
Exocrine Gland These glands use ducts for product transport ; earwax, sweat, tears
Endocrine Gland These glands are "ductless" and deliver their product directly into the blood; Hormone production.
Matrix Intercellular substance produced by cells ; could be liquid, gel-like, or solid
True The Matrix determines the type of connective tissue present and it's physical properties.
False The Matrix does not determine the type of connective tissue present and it's physical properties.
Fibroblasts Most common cell found in the Connective Tissue Proper.
Collagen (White) Relatively thick, very strong, non-elastic, and flexible fibers found in the matrix of connective tissues.
Elastic (Yellow) These fibers provide the ability for the tissues that contain them, to stretch and recoil back to normal.
Collagen Body's natural steel.
Reticular Protein Fibers Skeleton inside soft body organs.
Areolar Tissue Loose connective tissue that attaches skin to the body ; site for immune reaction.
Adipose Tissue Large accumulations of fat cells (adipocytes); found beneath skin and around internal organs.
Adipocyte The Adipose tissue cell used to store triglycerides.
Tendons Attach bones to muscles.
Ligaments Attach bone to bone.
Fibrous Connective Tissue This tissue has great strength but also has flexibility.
Cartilage This Specialized Connective Tissue has no blood or nervous supply.
Red Blood Cells Carry H2O through out the body.
White Blood Cells Immune response
Platelets Responsible for blood clotting.
Skeletal Muscle Voluntary
Cardiac & Smooth Involuntary
Neurons Responds to change (temp, noise, smell); forms and transmits neural impulses ; electrical signals.
Neuroglia Supportive function ; Nourish, support, and protect Neurons.
Epithelial Membranes Composed of epithelial tissue with loose connective tissue underneath.
Cutaneous Membrane This membrane is the skin.
Serous Membrane Mostly water ; found in areas never exposed to air.
Serous Membrane Lubricates surfaces of organs so they don't stick to each other when they move.
Serous Membrane Membrane found in the Thoracic Cavity & the Abdominopelvic Cavity.
Mucous Membrane Mucous ; In any opening of the body that is exposed to air.
Mucous Membrane Helps trap any type of foreign particle ; helps protect body from abrasion.
Mucous Membrane Found in mouth, nose, genitalia.
Created by: Jamiew0282