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Companion/Lab Lab

APSC 2164

TermDefinition
Taxonomy of the Dog: Class Mammalia
Taxonomy of the Dog: Subclass Eutheria
Taxonomy of the Dog: Order Carnivora
Taxonomy of the Dog: Suborder Fissipedia
Taxonomy of the Dog: Family Canidae
Taxonomy of the Dog: Genus Canis
Taxonomy of the Dog: Species Canis familiaris
Breed group of individuals
Group a group of breeds
Variety subdivision within a breed
Standard group of characteristics
AKC Goals promotes events for purebred dogs; National Dog Show, AKC/Eukanuba National Championship
FCI(Federal Cynologique Internationale) regulates its own breed clubs and stud books, and trains its own judges; sponsors and regulates the World Dog Show and International dogs shows
Sporting Group 30 breeds; developed as bird dogs; pointers, retrievers, setters, and spaniels
Hound Group 30 breeds; developed to hunt using sight or scent
Working Group 30 breeds; developed for a variety of jobs like guarding property, guarding livestock, or pulling carts
Terrier Group 30 breeds; developed to hunt vermin and dig them out from their burrows or lairs
Toy Group 21 breeds; developed as companion dogs
Herding Group 30 breeds; developed to herd livestock
Non-sporting Group 20 breeds; assorted breeds who do not fit into any of the above groups; bulldog, chinese shar-pei, dalmatian, poodle, chow chow, boston terrier, schipperke
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle dogs
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid Breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs and Other Breeds
Group 3 Terriers
Group 4 Dachshunds
Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types
Group 6 Scent Hounds and Related Breeds
Group 7 Pointing dogs
Group 8 Retreivers - Flushing dogs - water dogs
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Group 10 Sighthounds
AKC Breeds: Foundation Stock Service(FSS) Program breed registry in which breeders of rare breeds can record the birth and parentage of a breed that they are trying to establish in the U.S; Bolognese, french Spaniel
AKC Breeds: Miscellaneous Class acknowledgement that throughout the world there are several hundred distinct breeds of purebred dogs, not all of which are AKC recognized breeds; Dogo Argentino, Azawakh
AKC Canine Partners Program offers ALL dogs to join the AKC family; allows mixed breed dogs, and non-eligible AKC registered dogs to participate and earn titles in dog sports
AKC Canine Good Citizen Program program tests dogs of any breed(including mixed breeds), registered or not, for basic behavior and temperament suitable for appearing in public and living at home
AKC Reunite Program committed to Pet Identification, specifically ensuring pets have two forms of ID, a collar of pet id tag and a microchip to aid in their quick identification and return home if they get lost
Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) centralized health database sponsored by OFA; Labrador Retrievers and Dalmatians
OFA(Orthopedic Foundation for Animals promotes the health and welfare of companion animals through a reduction in incidence of genetic disease
AKC Hypoallergenic dog breeds breeds that do well with allergy sufferers; dogs have a predictable, non-shedding coat which produces less dander/dandruff; Poodle, Maltese
Flushing dog dog that flushes game; forces game out in the open without pursuing it like hounds
Hound dog with drop ears that takes to the trail and tracks, eventually running down the animal being hunted
Pointer dog that assumes an immovable stance when it scents the game nearby; it indicates the presence of the game by pointing in the direction of the game with its nose
Setter bird dog formerly trained to crouch when game was scented; now trained to point
Retriever hunting dog trained to find and bring wounded or killed game back to the handler
Terrier hunting dog that roots animals from burrows; "terre" means earth; hunts underground
Waterdog dog that hunts in marshy areas for waterfowl; particularly a retriever
Teacup dogs dogs that weigh less than the AKC-approved standard weight for their normal breed by typically a pound or more
Most Popular AKC Breeds Labrador Retrievers, German Shepards, Golden Retrievers, Bulldogs, Beagles, French Bulldogs, Yorkshire Terriers, Poodles, Rottweilers, Boxers
Taxonomy of the Cat: Class Mammalia
Taxonomy of the Cat: Order Carnivora
Taxonomy of the Cat: Family Felidae
Taxonomy of the Cat: Genus Felis
Taxonomy of the Cat: Species Felis catus
How to determine cat's sex? Penis opening vs. vaginal opening; anogenital distance
Solid coat color one color with no stripes
Tabby(tiger) coat marking stripes covering their body; some stripes are faint while others can be thick and swirled; cats can have an "M" on their forehead
Classic tabby pattern circular whirls; bullseye shape
Mackerel tabby pattern stripped like a tiger
Spotted tabby pattern cats have spots or dotted lines
Ticked Tabby pattern gives cats a flecked or freckled appearance
tabby coat colors color patterns with one color predominating
Agouti tabby pattern each hair has bands in color; more subtle than other patterns
Calicos three distinct colors which are typically black, brown, orange, or white; colors used interchangeably; each color are in large patches around the body
Torties(Tortoiseshells) usually made up of black and orange which are mixed together
Torbies cross between a tortie and a Tiger cat color; have stripes which make them look similar to tiger cats but they will also have black/orange blend of tortie coloring
Dilutes same color scheme as their non-dilute counterparts but they are lighter in color and not as strong ("diluted")
Dilute calicos and torties generally have a mix of gray, brown, orange and white
Buff-colored cats shaded orange cats; generally peach or cream in color
Van colored tail, patches of color on the head
Bicolor 2 colors
Harlequin mostly white with several large patches of color
Locket white spot on chest
Mitted just white paws (Ex: Ragdoll)
Tuxedo cats coloration with white paws, chest, and belly, with optional white on face
Point-colored cats generally have color on their feet, head, and tail(points of the body); points can be solid or have stripes
Lynx points have stripes most notably on their face
Tortie point tortoiseshell pattern on points
Torbie point both stripped and tortoiseshell patterns on points
Tabby red, seal, and lilac
Domestic shorthair also known as moggy or DSH; a cat of unknown/mixed origin, not a breed of cat; most common type of cat
Domestic longhair same as Domestic shorthair except cat has a longer coat; nicknamed American Longhair
CFA(Cat Fanciers' Association) largest registry of pedigreed cats; welfare of all cats; promotion and improvement of CFA recognized breeds
Main reasons to restrain cat Grooming, physical examination, administering medicines, venipuncture, catheterization, immunization, dealing with feral cats
What are precautions for restraint of pet? close portals(doors, windows,cabinets etc.) into the room; work in area cleared of debris, use distraction techniques, body language
Different restraints for cat's head scruffing- grabbing loose skin behind the head and neck; no collar; cupping the head(thumb on top of cat's head,finger rest under the chin[mandible])
Different restraints for cat's legs place finger between cats' legs when gripping cat; seat cats' elbow in your hand and make sure your grasp is above the hocks
What special handling equipment is used? net bags(used for aggressive cats); cat traps(to catch cat quickly and safely); gauntlet gloves, towels(to manipulate cat while keeping you safe), box
Feral cat used to describe a homeless cat that is undomesticated
Cat colony group of free-roaming cats that live in close proximity to each other
What is the source of free-roaming cats? The source is endless
TNR Trap, Neuter, Return' program that allows free roaming cats to live out their lives without adding to the homeless cat population; cats are humanely trapped and then evaluated to ensure they are healthy enough to live a free-roaming lifestyle, vaccinated
Restraining Cats: Sternal position with cat standing on table, scruff cat w/ your dominant hand and use other hand to push cat's rear into sitting position; lean over cat's back and slide forelimbs down until they are resting on the table
Restraining Cats: Lateral Recumbency position scruff cat and steady him between your arms with other hands; slide right hand under cat's rear legs, grasping above hocks and keep fingers between legs; roll cat on side and stretch cat out entire length of forearm
cat bag procedures to restrain cat place cat on top of open bag on table and scruff it; use your body to prevent cat from standing; with other hand, bring one side of neck strap and quickly bring up other band to fasten bag
burrito wrap
half-burrito wrap
how to set pet first aid pet-specific supplies owner's phone numbers, pet's veterinarian, nearest emergency-vet clinic, hotline; pet into, nylon leash/towels; muzzle or strip of cloth
pet first aid: basic tools non-latex disposable gloves, rectal thermometer, petroleum jelly/vaseline(to lubricate thermometer), scissors and bandage scissors, tweezers, sterile needles, eye dropper, safety razer, groom clipper
pet first aid: mercury thermometer as temp changes, mercury expands and contracts, and the temp can be read from the scale; can be used to determine body, liquid, and vapor
pet first aid: additional items bottled water, can of soft pet food, plastic baggies, slicker brush
pet first aid: medications and ointments antibiotic ointment(Neosporin), antiseptic solution or wipes, ear-cleaning solution, eye wipes, artificial tear gel, hydrogen peroxide, rubbing alcohol, rescue remedy
what is temp of puppy at birth? 96-97 deg F
temp gradually increases w/ age until puppy is 100 deg F at 4 weeks of age; T/F True
normal temp for dogs and cats 99.5-102.5 deg F
normal dog respiratory rate 10 to 34 breaths per min
normal cat respiratory rate 20 to 30 breaths per min
cats have higher respiratory and heart rates than dogs; T/F True
Canine large breeds heart rate 60-100 beats per min
canine small breeds heart rate 100-140 bpm
normal cat's heart rate 140 and 220 bpm
normal puppy heart rate up to 180 bpm up to one year
dogs and cat's pulse place two fingers on femoral artery(middle of the thigh near where the leg joins the body); measure by counting how many beats you feel in 15 sec and then multiply it by 4
inside hind leg gives most accurate pulse; T/F True
Heimlich Maneuver wrap arms around animal's belly just behind rib cage and give a quick, forceful squeeze
Signs of emergency situations choking, seizures, blood in urine/stool, seizures, losing consciousness, swallowing foreign objects, physical injury, vomiting blood
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation; combination of chest compression and artificial respiration
ABCs of CPR A= Airway; B= Breathing; C=Circulation
How to perform CPR high quality uninterrupted cycle of chest compressions for 2 min with most compression rate of 100-120/min with compression depth of 1/3-1/2; 2 rapid breaths in cycles of 2 min(after 30 compressions)
cardiac pump theory cardiac ventricles are directly compressed between the ribs in lateral recumbency or between the sternum and spine in dorsal recumbency
thoracic pump theory chest compressions increase overall intrathoracic pressure, secondarily compressing aorta and collapsing vena cava leading to blood flow out of thorax
1st year of dog's life is equal to ~ 15 human years; T/F True
growth process for small dogs live longer than larger dogs; they may mature more quickly in the first few years
growth process for large dogs mature slowly at first but already considered elderly at age 5
medium sized dog breeds somewhere in the middle of small and large dogs in terms of maturation and lifespan
Cat's age feline aging is very rapid during first two years of life; it's first year is about 15 human years and then after 2 years cat is 24 human years
Anatomical indicators of growth process teeth, white fur on the muzzle, lenticular schlerosis
4 types of teeth in dogs Incisors(I), Canines(C), Premolar(P), and Molars(M)
In dogs which teeth erupt first? Canines erupt first
In cats which teeth erupt first? Incisors erupt first
Deciduous and Permanent Dental Formula in dogs and cats (I^2 - C^1 - P^2 - M^3)/(I2 - C1 - P2 - M3)x 2 = 32
Modified Triadan System head is divided into 4 quadrants; upper right quadrant labeled "1" and remaining quadrants numbered in counterclockwise direction; first digit denotes quadrant while second and third digits denote tooth position within quadrant
Do cats have 1st premolar? T/F False
Fleur-de-Lis in dogs, the newly erupted permanent incisors have crowns that are divided into 3 cups and resemble this symbol
Common related changes in canine eye lenticular or nuclear sclerosis, iris atrophy, asteroid hyalosis, cornea endothelial degeneration, retinal changes(rods don't work that well)
Proposed life stages of dog puppy, junior, adult, mature, senior, geriatric
proposed life stages of cat kitten, junior, prime, mature, senior, geriatric
What does liver do in avian reproduction produces yolk
how to hold chicken put index finger between legs while hand is underneath bird's body
Why do birds have pneumatic bones? Allows birds to fly because of lighter weight
Created by: David55900