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science Unit 1

The chemistry of life

QuestionAnswer
The movement of substance through a cell membrane only by using the cells energy Active Transport
A flexible covering that protects the inside of a cell from the environment outside the cell Cell membrane
A series of chemical reactions that convert the energy in food molecules into a usable form of energy Cellular Respiration
The fluid or liquid part of a cell membrane that contains salt and other molecules. Cytoplasm
The movement of substance from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration Diffusion
The process during which a cell takes in a substance by surrounding the cell membrane Endocytosis
Process during which the cell's visicles release their contents outside the c3ell Exocytosis
The process by which molecules are too large to travel through using diffusion so they use special proteins called transport proteins Facilitated diffusion
A reaction that eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell can use to obtain energy from food when oxygen levels are low Fermentation
A process by which glucose, a sugar, is broken down into smaller molecules Glycolysis
The movement of substance through the cell membrane without the cells energy Passive Transport
A series of chemical reactions that convert light energy, water, and CO2 into the food energy molecule glucose and give off oxygen Photosynthesis
The diffusion of water molecules only through a membrane. Osmosis
Deals with the structure and behavior of living organisms Life Science
A table designed to help you predict what an elements physical and chemical properties are and what elements will bond with each other. Periodic Table
Matter is made up of atoms
Living things are a type of _____ which is anything that has mass and takes up space matter
When something is made up of only one kind of atom it is called an element
All things are made up of matter containing elements
Made up of two or more elements in exact propotions, such as water H2O Compounds
One form of compounds is classified as Organic
Another form of compounds is classified as Inorganic
This compound always contains Carbon and Hydrogen and usually associated with living things Organic Compound
Created by: Darnell West Darnell West