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UIL Art

Term Definiton
Art Elements Ingredients painters use to create a painting.
Abstract General style of painting, 20th century, not realistic. category of paintings; shapes, lines, colors, does not represent real world.
Allegory uses symbols, often human form, that stand for ideas or has a message.
Background Far away, (farthest) from the viewer.
Baroque 1600-1750 important events:scientific discoveries by Galileo and Isaac Newton, Protestant religion, Netherlands citizens became patrons.
Baroque Painitings Formal, show tiny details of scenery and costume, great deal of movement and energy, sharp contrast between light and dark areas of the paintings.
Canvas A painting treated fabric stretched over a frame to which paint is applied
Cityscape landscape painting that features scenes of streets, buildings, and other city features.
Landscape Painting of an outdoor view with large areas of scenery. Outdoor view. Land
Seascape Water,
Complementary Colors pairs(2) of colors that are farthest away from each other on the color wheel, and are the most different from each other(opposite)
Examples of Complementary Colors Red and Green Orange and Blue
Composition Needed to complete the painting;light, color, lines, and shapes work together to create a painting. Color helps set the mood. Lines and Shapes organize space and create a structure.
Three Dimensional Light and Shade help see a three dimensional image
Contrast Comparison that draws attention to the difference between things. Artist use many different elements to create contrast.
Color Warm and Cool or Bright and Dull
Light Contrast Light (Light area of canvas and dark areas)
Lines Contrast Straight and curved, vertical and diagonal
Texture Contrast Hard and Soft, Rough and Smooth Example: An old man and a baby.
Cool Colors Cool Temperatures (Cold) Blue and Green, Lavender and Purple Seem farther away in distance
Warm Colors Hot Red and Orange
Cubism Developed in France in the 20th century, took objects from everyday life and broke them into geometric figures like cubes and triangles, then put them back together. See familiar objects in unfamiliar ways.
Fauvism Not practiced long in the beginning of the 20th century. Very bright colors and strange or twisted forms of human figures and other objects.
Foreground Closest (Front) to the viewer.
Form Three Dimensional shape of an object, Traditional, in paintings through variations of light and dark paints, or shades of color
Genre Painting Painting, Ordinary People Everyday Activities
History and Legend Painting A painting about important people or important events.
Impressionism Developed in France, during the modern period, by artist who wanted to create impressions of light and color that would form pictures of what people are thinking. Colors are side by side, very close together on the picture, your eyes blend the colors.
Light Source of light in a painting, like a lamp or the sun. The lightness and darkness of different areas of the paintings.
Lines Drawn by artist to mark the edges of something, or outline. Ex; lines that form the outer edges of an building. lines are where objects touch or overlap, so shapes and colors can come together.
Modern 1750-1900. Democratic revolutions in France, American colonies and the Industrial Revolution in science and technology. Neoclassicism, Romanticism, Impressionism, and Pointillism.
Mood Feelings and emotions, you view when you look at a painting.
Neoclassicism During the Modern time, have grand themes from history and legends, are formal, balanced compositions, use strongly defined lines, and have smooth polished canvases.
Neutral Colors Black, white, and beige.These colors don't have a warm or cool effect in paintings.
Perspective The false idea of depth or distance, nothing really there.
Point of View Position the viewer sees objects in a picture. Ex, looking at a objects on a table while sitting in a chair, looking at those same objects while standing across the room is another point of view.
Pointillism Developed during the Modern era, pictures were made of tiny dots, or color that is placed very close to one another on the canvas. Dots create a shimmering effect to one another.
Primary Colors Red, yellow, and blue Cannot be made by mixing with other colors.
Renaissance 1400-1600, this style of art studied Greece and Rome. The age of exploration and discovery in science, philosophy, and art. Techniques of perspective and methods with oil based painting. Very popular with rich people.
Renaissance Pictures Pictures are bright in color, has symbols, and is very formal in subject matter and composition.
Rhythm Something that repeats, and creates a pattern. Creates a mood in a painting, moves your eyes to different parts of the painting.
Rococo Decorative style of painting from France during the Baroque time. Wealthy people, curved lines and light colors. White gold, silver, rose-pink, and sky-blue.
Romanticism During the Modern time, expresses emotions about people in the modern world. Nature is wild and powerful in these pictures.
Created by: sslatin