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Energy & Motion

Motion The state in which one object’s distance from another is changing
Reference Point A place or an object used for comparison to describe the position or motion of a person or object
Distance The length of a path between two points
Displacement The length and direction of a straight line between starting and ending points
Vector A measureable quantity that consists of both a magnitude and a direction
Scalar Quantities described only by magnitude (direction).
Speed The distance an object travels per unit of time.
Velocity Speed in a given direction.
Acceleration The rate at which velocity changes.
Energy The ability to do work or cause change
Kinetic Energy Energy that an object has due to its motion
Potential Energy Stored energy that results from the position or shape of an object
Gravitational Energy Potential energy related to an object’s height
Elastic Energy The energy of stretched or compressed objects
Mechanical Energy An object’s combined kinetic energy and potential energy
Conservation of Energy The principle stating that energy is not created or destroyed during a chemical reaction
Work Force exerted on an object that causes it to move
Created by: rdrodriguez2003