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Chapter 1 Unit 1

Organization of the Body

A person standing forward with hands at their sides and palms facing forward is said to be in ____________ position. Anatomical
Which term(s) refers to the FRONT of the body? Anterior/Ventral
Which term(s) refers to the BACK of the body? Posterior/Dorsal
Which term refers to a position TOWARD THE HEAD? Superior
Which terms refers to a position AWAY FROM THE HEAD? Inferior
What are the 2 dorsal cavities? Cranial and Spinal
What are the 2 ventral cavities? Thoracic and Abdomino-Pelvic
What is the MEMBRANE that surrounds ORGANS, like the lungs and heart? Visceral
What is the MEMBRANE that surrounds THE INSIDE LINING OF CAVITIES? Parietal
The head is ________ to the neck. Superior
The hand is ________ to the wrist. Distal
The skin is _________ to the muscles. Superficial
The mouth is __________ to the nose. Inferior
The eyes are _________ to the bridge of the nose. Lateral
The elbow is __________ to the wrist. Proximal
Which plane divides the body into right and left halves? Sagittal
Which plane divides the body into equal right and left halves? Mid-Sagittal
Which planes divides the body into superior and posterior portions? Transverse
Which plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions? Frontal
What organ is referred to as the pleura? Lungs
What muscle separates the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities? Diaphragm
What is the specific parietal lining of the abdominal cavity? Peritoneum
What is the specific visceral lining of the organs of the abdominal cavity? Mesentery
What type of imaging creates a cross section view with a rotating x-ray? CT or CAT Scan
What type of imaging creates an image by bouncing sound waves off of internal structures and records the echo patterns? Ultrasound
What type of imaging uses a strong magnetic field and radio pulses to create a 3-D cross section image? MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Created by: Mrs. Crossman