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Psych Unit 2

Learning that has been persisted over time, stored, and can be retrieved later Memory
Focuses on conscious, active processing lasting 20-30 seconds max with a 7 +/- 2 capacity Working/Short Term Memory
Giving information meaning and moving it into the brain Encoding
Doing multiple activities at once Parallel processing
Memory for auditory stimuli Echoic Memory
Memory for photographs / visual stimuli Iconic Memory
Immediate, very brief recording of sensory information into the memory process Sensory Memory
Capacity and duration of sensory memory Unlimited / 3 seconds maximum
Process of bringing back info out of memory stages Retrieval
Retaining information Storage
Idea the memories emerge from interconnected neural networks and activation patterns Connectionism
Developed theory for how we memorize and the Stage Model of Memory R. Atkinson and R. Shiffrin
What are the stages of the information processing system Encoding, storage, and retrieval
Focuses on the amount of times something has happened (Type of automatic processing) Frequency
Focuses on location (Type of automatic processing) Space
Processing knowledge (Type of automatic processing) Well Learned Info
Focuses on the sequence of events (Type of automatic processing) Time
Permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system (Knowledge, Skills, and Experiences) Long Term Memory
Capacity and Duration of Long Term Memory Unlimited / Limitless
Developed Magic 7 +/- 2 rule for Working/ Short Term Memory George Miller
Developed ideas for Sensory Memory George Sperling
What things are necessary for moving sensory memory into working or short memory Motivation and Attention
Repeating or creating a mental map in order to memorize something (phonological loop) Maintenance Rehearsal
Developed the idea of the phonological loop Alan Baddeley
Parts of the brain responsible for explicit memories Hippocampus and Temporal Lobes
Part of the brain responsible for motor or procedural skills (Breathing, blinking, walking) Basil Ganglia
Parts of the brain responsible for automatic processes Cerebellum
Memories of Life events Episodic
Part of the brain responsible for emotions and emotional conditioning Amygdala
Memories that require effort full processes (Conscious) Explicit
Memories of automatic processes (Unconscious) Implicit
Encoding of meaning Semantic
Tendency to recall the first and last items on a list Serial Position Effect
Developed the Forgetting Curve Hermann Ebbinghaus
Idea that testing improves learning Testing Effect
Developed the Testing Effect Henry Roediger and Jeffrey Karpicke
Recalling the first items on a list Primacy Effect
Recalling the last items on a list Recency Effect
Mental pictures that aid Memory process Imagery
Organizing items into familiar, manageable units (Automatically) Chunking
Discovered that behavioral memory was stored in the cerebellum Richard Thompson
Developed the idea that memories can be localized and distributed depending on complexity Karl Lashley
Did study in Aplysia to study synaptic changes Eric Kandel
An increase in synapses firing potential after stimulation. Nueral basis for learning and memory. Long Term Potentiation
An unconscious association of things which predisposes a persons perception, memory, or response. (Cow. Milk) Priming
Developed priming William James
Recalling experiences that are consistent with a mood felt during that experience Mood Congruency
Knowing something from one state to another (Drunk to sober) State dependent memory
Inaccessibility of stored information Blocking
Storage decaying over time Transience
Inattention to detail Absent minded
Confusing information source Misattribution
Inability to form new memories after and accident Anterograde
Inability to remember events before an accident Retrograde
Inability to remember early childhood Infantile
Amnesia caused by sever alcohol abuse Korsakoffs Psychosis
Amnesia triggered by severe trauma Hysterical
Amnesia caused by severe non penetrative blow to the head (May lead to loss of consciousness/coma) Traumatic
Mental activities associated with thinking,knowing,remembering, and communicating Cognition
Mental grouping of similar objects,events, ideas, or people Concepts
Mental image/example that incorporates all the features we associate a category Prototype
Our spoken,written, or signed words and the way we combine them to communicate Language
Smallest distinctive sound unit Phoneme
Smallest unit that carries meaning Morphemes
System of rules which enable us to understand others Grammar
Rules of sentence order Syntax
Effortless/immediate automatic feeling or thoughts "Gut Feeling" Intuition
Step by step procedure to get a solution Aligorithm
Created by: Yohfer18