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Map skills vocab.

map skills vocab. words

map projection a way of showing the earth on a piece of paper
compass rose shows direction on a map
cardinal directions North, South, East, West
intermediate directions NW, NE, SW, SE
Hemisphere half of the globe
Equator an imaginary line that circles the middle of the earth, and makes the northern and southern hemispheres
Prime Meridian an imaginary line that runs from the north pole to the south pole and makes the eastern and western hemispheres
Grid the seven lines used to find a location on a map
Degree a unit of measurement of latitude and longitude
Latitude imaginary parallel lines that circle the middle of the earth;they run east to west and measure distance north or south of the equator
Longitude imaginary lines or meridians that run north to south and measure distance east or west of the prime meridian
absolute location exact position of a place on the earth’s surface;measured in latitude and longitude
GPS Global positioning system; a device that receives signals from satellites to tell exact locations on the earth
Legend tells what symbols and colors mean on a map
Scale shows distance on a map
fractional scale- 1:100,000
graphic scale- |----| 1 100
verbal scale one inch=one mile
political map map that shows human- made features
reference map map that shows important features of an area (ex: political and physical maps)
planimetric map shows only horizontal position of features on Earth’s surface
topographic map shows horizontal position of features on Earth’s surface
thematic map- map that shows specific topics in detail:
GIS geographic information system; computer software that helps geographers gather and use information about a place
Created by: Shepard Sargent