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Reactions in Aqueous

Reactions in Aqueous Solutions

solvent the substance present in the greatest quantity
ionic compounds dissolving in detail each ion dissociates from the solid structure and disperses throughout the solution anions are attracted to the partial positive end of water cations are attracted to the partial negative end of water
what do ionic compounds do when they dissolve in water they ionize or form ions
solvated when ions are completely surrounded by solvent molecules to prevent them from recombining and to allow them to disperse uniformly throughout the solution
aqueous solution solution in which water is the solvent
nonelectrolyte substance that does not form ions when in aqueous solution aqueous solution cannot conduct electricity most molecular compounds
electrolyte substance whose aqueous solution contains ions aqueous solution can conduct electricity ex. ionic compounds, some molecular compounds
precipitation reactions result in the formation of an insoluble product follow the pattern of exchange reaction
what is the insoluble product called precipitate
important notes about molecular equations 1. This equation only contains compounds; not ions! 2. A precipitate must form for a reaction to occur!
what does not separate into ions in complete ionic equations the precipitate does not separate into ions (remains a compound)
important notes about net ionic equations 1. This equation only shows ions and compounds directly involved in the reaction (formation of a precipitate). 2. If every ion in a complete ionic equation is a spectator, no reaction occurs!!!!!!
another name for acids proton donors (not organ donors)
bases substances that accept/react with H⁺ ions and produce OH⁻ ions when they dissolve in water
bases that do not contain OH- accept H⁺ ions proton acceptors ex. NH₃(aq) + H₂O(l) ↔ NH₄⁺(aq) + OH⁻ (aq)
substances that are insoluble in water cannot be electrolytes
Created by: lesterstoffels