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Science Chapter 14

Animals and Behavior

Innate Behavior that is influenced by genes, NOT by learning or experience. Born with it.
Learned Behavior that have been learned from experience or observing other animals
embryo An organism in the early stage of development
estivation A period of reduced activity some animals experience in the summer.
biological clock an internal control of natural cycles
tissues similar cells that work together to perform a specific job in the body
organ combination of 2 or more tissues
communication takes place when a signal travel from one animal to another and the receiver responds.
pheromones chemicals animals produce for communication
invertebrates an animal without a skull or backbone
navigate to find ones way from one place to another. Using Landmarks, sun and stars, and Earth's magnetic field.
consumer organism that eats other organisms
camouflage coloration and/or text that enables an animal to blend in with its surroundings.
landmarks a fixed object an animal uses to find its way
circadian rhythms daily internal patters such as migration and mating
vertebrates animal with a skull and a backbone
territory an area occupied by an animal or a group of animals from which other members of the species are excluded.
social behavior this type of behavior is the interaction between animals of the same species
predator an animal that eats other animals
multi-cellular made of many cells
hibernation period of inactivity that some animals experience in the winter
prey an animal that is eaten by another animal
animals - invertebrates 97% or vertebrates 3% - many cell or multi cellular - reproduce by sexual reproduction - develop from embryo - specialized body parts - cells form tissues form organs form organ systems - movement - most animals move from place to pl
invertebrates porifora cnidaria Platyhelminthes nematoda annelida Echinodermata Mollusca arthropoda
vertebrates jawless fish cartilaginous bony amphibians reptiles birds mammals
Survival - How do animals survive? Find food Find water Avoid being eaten Find Shelter
mimicry imitate something in nature, often something more dangerous
warning coloration bright colors to signal "danger"
Animals defense sharp teeth, claws, speed, chemicals, toxins, warning defense
torpor slowed heartbeat, lower temperature, slower metabolism (hibernation, estivation)
Why do animals migrate? travel to one place to another to find food, water and safe nesting grounds. Whales, Salmon, bats, monarch butterflies
Created by: irishclairebear