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Soci Exam

Race and ethnicity: Socially constructed not biological; ethnicity, Takes culture into account
Ethnicity: A shared cultural heritage of a given group that ha emerged historical and set people apart
Social meaning of Race affects: life chances, where you live, how you are treated, access to wealth and education, housing, life expectancy, power and prestige, other valued resources
Biologically speaking, what can we predict from a person's race? we can predict nothing based on a person's race
A shared cultural heritage of a given group that ha emerged historical and set people apart includes: national origin, language, traditions, customs, religious beliefs/practices, as well as racial category
Minorities: Any category of people who are identified based on physical or cultural traits and then set apart and subordinated by society
Prejudice: A rigid and unfair generalization about an entire race
Prejudgments that can be positive or negative (exaggerate virtues of some while condemning virtues of others) Stereotypes, Discrimination, Racism, Institutional racism
Stereotypes: A simplified description applied to everyone
Discrimination: behavior toward another group that involves unequal treatment
Racism: The beliefs and practices that a dominant racial or ethic group use to systemically keep another group of people in an inferior position.
Institutional Racism: sexism found throughout the economy. Examples: school-to-school pipe line, hospitals, law enforcements
while prejudice refers to ____, discrimination is a matter of ____. beliefs/attitudes; actions
Redlining: degraded blacks from loans
Block busting: anyone could apply to loans
White flight: means and abilities to get out
white Privilege: The color of a persons skin makes a difference in this country when we ignore knowledge, we are denying the institutional racism that exist in our society
Services: Activities that benefit people. Example: teachers and physicians
Goods: Commodities ranging from necessities (food/clothing) to luxury items (cars and yachts)
Corporations: An organization with a legal existence including rights and liabilities, separatw from that of its members
Corporations include: Incorporating an organization makes it a legal entity able to enter into contracts and own property; protect the wealth of owners from lawsuits
How did unions change the workforce in the 1900s ? Banned child labor, set minimum wage levels, improved workplace safety, extended schooling and political rights to a larger segment of the population
Corporate Welfare: funds issued through tax breaks, subsides and grants; spent more
Social Welfare: funds on public service programs
Economy: Organizes a societies production distribution and consumption of goods and services
Family: A social institutions found in all societies that unites people in cooperative groups do care for one another (is culturally relative)
Kinship: A social bond based on marriage, common ancertory/adoption. (culturally relative)
3 kinds of kinship are: Affineal, consonguineal, and fictive
Affineal: through marriage
Consonguineal: by blood
Fictive: Very close, like family
Marriage: A legal relationship usually involving economic cooperation, sexual activity and child bearing. (culturally relative)
Endogamy: marriage within a social group
Exogamy: marriage outside a social group
Monogamy: One person married to one spouse
Polygamy: One person married to multiple spouses
Polygny: One man with multiple wives
Polyandry: One woman with multiple husbands
Patterns of residencys are: Matrilocality, patrilocailty, neolocality
Matrilocality: Mother family (wife)
Patrilocailty: Fathers family (husband)
Neolocality: New (what we do in U.S.)
Divorce; who are likely to get divorced? young people
Divorce; why are people likely to get divorced? More independence/individualism, money, stress, less stigmia and romantic love
Single parenthood: 32% with children have one parent, 84% are single moms; increase in poverty, 41% of children are born into unmarried mothers (by choice or lesbians) and single parents are growing
Religion: A social institution involving beliefs and practices based on recognizing the sacred.
Church: religious organization
Sect: established religion
Cult: New religion
Health as defined by the World Health Organization (W.H.O) State of complete physical, mental, and social well-being. Not merely the absence of disease
What four ways does society affect people's health? culture patterns define health (white live), culture standards of health (cigarettes), technology affects health, and social inequality affect health (poor people are not as healthy)
Culture Bound illness: specific to specific cultures; White liver: Wasting away because of too much sex, Karo: Asian men are afraid their penis will retract and LAtino-Mal De Djo: Childern, evil eyes
How does poverty affect health? No access to health insurance, doctors or medication. No healthy food access.
How does gender affect health? (for both men and woman) men have higher deaths related to stress while woman are over all healthier but have reproductive issues and special needs
Food Desert: A place with out a grocery store nearby; rural/urban
Social change: The transformation of culture and social institutions overtime (can be positive or negative)
Four major characteristics of social change: happens all the time, often intentional but unplanned, is controversial, some changes matter more than others
Social Movement: An organized activity in which people set out to encourage or discourage social change. Example: desegregation, women's votes and occupy Wall street.
Four Stages of Social Movements: Emergence, coalescence, bureaucratization, decline
Emergence: People think all is not well, identify an issue
Coalescence: Social movement defines itself and comes up with strategy. Example: Occupy Wall Street
Bureaucratization: When things become professionalized/established
Decline: Things either accomplish or fizzle out
what percentage of children have one parent? 32%
what percentage of children are born into unmarried mothers? 41 %
what percentage of single mom = increase in poverty? 84%
Created by: apurcel1