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Unit 11 Science

Taxonomy Groups

classification -the process of grouping things based on similarities
taxonomy -the branch of science that formally names and classifies organism s by their structure function and relationship
domain -the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms three groups: Archaea,Bacteria,and Eukarya
Domain Bacteria -prokaryotic ,single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell
domain Archaea -prokaryotic,single celled organism that lacks a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme enviornments
domain Eukarya -organism with cells that contain a nucleus
kingdom -a taxonomic rank below Domain 6 groups : Animalia ,Archaea,and Eubacteria
autotroph -an organism that is able to make its own food:know as a consumer in the food chain
asexual reproduction -a method of reproduction that requires only 1 parent 100% DNA
sexual reproduction -a method of reproduction that requires both male and female each 50%
cell theory -a state that all living organisms are made up of 1 or more cells cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
cell -the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus -a structure found in eukaryotic cells that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
eukaryotic -a cell contain ing a membrane -enclosed organelles
prokaryotic -a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane -enclosed organelles
unicellular -an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular -an organism made up of more than one cell,and often made up of different types
kingdom Archeabacteria -unicellular,asexual,auto and hererotroph,eukaryotic organism; that live in a extreme environments
kingdom Eubacteria -unicellular,asexual,auto and hererotroph,eukaryotic organism; that live in moderate environments
kingdom protista -uni-and multicellular sexual or asexual auto-and hetereotrophic ,eukaryotic organism that are microscopic
kingdom fungi uni-and multi-cellular sexual or asexual ,hetereotrophic ,eukaryotic organism; known as a decomposer in the food chain
kingdom Plantae multi-cellular ,sexual or asexual , autotrophs ,eukaryotic organism; known as a producer on the food chain
kingdom Animilia multicellular,sexual and asexual ,hetereotrophs ,euykaryotic organisms;known as consumer in the food chain
Created by: kjohnson01