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unit 11 science

Taxomic Groups

cell the smallest unit of an organism that performs life functions
nucleus a structure found in eukaryotic cell that contain DNA and is responsible for controlling the activities of the cell
Eukaryotic a cell containing a membrane - enclosed nucleus and organelles
prokaryotic a cell lacking a nucleus or any other membrane - enclosed organelles
unicellular an organism made up of one single cell
multicellular an organism made up of more than one cell, and often made up of different types of cells
taxonomy the branch of science that formally names and classifies organisms by their structures function and relationship
Domain the highest and largest rank of grouping organisms three group; arch, bacteria, and eukarya
bacteria porkaryotic, single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus in its cell
Archaea prokaryotic single-celled organisms that that lack a nucleus in its cell and can live in extreme environments
Eukarya organisms with cells that contain a nucleus
Kingdom a tax rank below Domain 6 groups: animalia, fungi, plantea, protista, archaed, and eulbacteria
autotroph an organism that is able to make its own food; known as a producer in a food chain
heterotroph an organism that can not make its own food :known as a consumer in a food chain
asexual a method of reproduction that requires only one parent 100% DNA from one parent
sexual a method of reproduction that requires both male and female parent 50% from one parent 50% from one parent
cell theory stats that all living organisms are made up of one or more cells; cells are the basic unit of life and all cells come from other cells
Arceabacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organisms that live in extreme environment
Eubacteria unicellular, asexual, auto and heterotroph, prokaryotic organisms that live in moderate environments
protista uni-multicellular sexual or asexual auto- and heterotrophic eukaryotic organisms that are microscopic
Fungi uni- and multicellular sexual or asexual, heterotrophic, eukaryotic organisms; known as a decomposer in the food chain
Plantae multicellular, sexual and asexual, autotrophs, eukaryotic organisms known; as a producer in the food chain
Animilia multicellular, sexual and asexual, heterotrophs, eukaryotic organisms; also known as a consumer in a food chain
Created by: aholifield01