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Chapter 1 Science

Indiana Sixth Grade Chapter 1 Science

Science a way of learning about the natural world
Observing using one or more of your senses to gather imformation
Quantitative Observation these observations deal with numbers and amounts
Qualitative Observation these observations deal with descriptions that cannot be expressed with number
Inferring when you explain or interpret the things you observe
Predicting making a statement or claim about what will happen in the future based on passes experience or evidence
Classifying the grouping together of items that are alike in many ways
Making Models involves creating representations of complex objects or processes
Evaluating involves comparing observations and data to reach a conclusion about them
Scientific Investigation the way in which scientists study the natural world
Cultural Bias when the culture a person grew up in affects how they think
Personal Bias when a persons feelings affect how they think about things
Experimental Bias when a mistake in the design of an experiment makes a certain result more likely to happen
Skeptism having an attitude of doubt
Ethics the rules that enable people to know right from wrong
Objective when you make decisions and draw conclusions based on evidence
Subjective when you make decisions and draw conclusions based on your personal feelings
Deductive Reasoning a way to explain things when you start with a general idea and then you apply the idea to scientific observation
Inductive Reasoning a way to explain things when you start with specific observations and then make a generalization
Scientific Inquiry the diverse way in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence
Hypothesis a possible answer to a scientific question
Variables factors that can change an experiment
Independent Variable the one variable that is purposely changed to test a hypothesis
Dependent Variable the variable that changes in response to the independent variable
Controlled Experiment an experiment in which only one variable is changed at a time
Data the facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through qualitative and quantitative observations
Scientific Theory a well tested and widely accepted explanation of observation and experimental results
Scientific Law describe observed patterns in nature without trying to explain them
Created by: NathanTheGenius