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disease and health


a protein and\or chemical that is foreign to our bodies antigen
a disease causing agent that affects plants and animals. (sometimes called a germ) pathogen
name to two types of diseases communicable and noncommunicable
these diseases are caused by pathogens that enter the body through direct of indirect contact communicable disease
give two examples of cummonicable disease cold,mono, and strep throat
these diseases are illnesses not caused by pathogens. they can be caused by outside factors such as smoking,drugs, alchol, or pollution non communicable
give two examples of non communicable diseases cancer, heart disease, diabetes
a nonliving strand of hereditary materiel surrounded by a protein coat and can cause illness virus
a living single celled organism with all cells part that may or may not cause an infection depending on the type bacteria
a substance made by an animal in response to an antigen. it attaches to the antigen making it harmless. antibodies
name two types of immunity active and passive
this immunity accurs when your body make its own antibodies because of vaccine or by having the disease. active immunity
this immunity occurs when antibodies made in one organism are introduced into the body of another. passive immunity
this is made from weakened virus particles that cant cause the disease anymore or in labs from different compounds. used to prevent not to cure vaccine
this is used to treat and possible cure bacteria infections and are ineffective against viral illnesses antibiotic
this is a sign or signal that a disease is present in the body symptoms
this is an act to keep you from becoming sick -- a habit, method, shot,or medicine that keeps us from becoming sick prevention
this is the act of helping a sick person deal with an illness -- methods or medicines used to help you through an illness. sometimes it may cure but not always treatment
this is to make an illness go away totally -- something that causes a disease to go away and never return cure
this always contain carbon and hydrogen and are associated with living things organic compounds
these are organic molecules that supply energy for all cell processes; form plant structures; provide long term storage carbohydrates
name the examples of carbohydrates sugars, starches and cellulose
this type or organic compound that does not mix with water and store large amounts of energy long term; form boundaries around cells lipids
name three examples of lipids fats, oils, waxes,
these are organic compounds that are made up of amino acids; they are building blocks of structures in organisms; regulate cell processes protiens
name three examples of protiens enzymes, skin and hair
these are large organic molecules that store important coded information in cells; use to make protiens nucleic acids
name two examples of nucleic acids rna & dna
name the groups of the pyrimad grains, vegeables, fruits, milk, meat& beans, and oils
grains 6 ounces a day
vegetables 2 1/2 cups a day
fruits 2 cups a day
oils limited
dairy/milk 3 cups a day
meat and beans 5 1/2 ounces
how much exercise should a teenager have a day 60 minutes
everybody should have this amount of exercise a day 30 minutes
Created by: astafford3