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Ch 11 industry

Ch ll Industry by James M. Rubenstein

QuestionAnswer
What are Break-of-bulk points? A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
What is a Bulk-gaining industry? An industry in which the final product weighs more or comprises a greater volume than the inputs.
What is a Bulk-reducing industry? AN industry in which the final product weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
What is a Cottage industry? Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
What is Fordist production? Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
What is the Industrial Revolution? A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
What is a Labor-intensive industry? An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
What is a Maquiladora? Factories built by U.S. companies in Mexico near the U.S border, to take advantage of much lower labor costs in Mexico.
What is the New international division of labor? Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.
What is Post-Fordist production? Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that performed a variety of tasks.
What is a Right-to-work state? A U.S. state that has passed a law preventing a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
What are Site factors? Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
What are Situation factors? Location factors related to the transportation of materials into and from a factory.
What is a Textile? A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing.
What is a Trading bloc? A group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade with other blocs.
Who is James Watt? The maker of the Steam engine.
What was the first industry to benefit from Watt's steam engine. The Iron industry.
What are some of the industrialized areas within North America? They are New England, Middle Atlantic, Mohawk Valley, Pittsburgh-Lake Erie, Western Great lakes, and St. Lawrence Valley-Ontario Peninsula.
What is the oldest industrial region in North eastern U.S.? Southern New England.
What was New England region known for? Its known for textile and skilled but expensive labor.
What is the Middle Atlantic region known for? It is the largest U.S. market.
What is the Mohawk Valley region known for? It is known for its steel industry and its food processing.
What is Pittsburgh-Lake region known for Erie? It is known for its steel industry.
What is the Western Great Lakes region known for? Its famous for its transportation routs and most of the big national countries in the U.S. are located in this Region.
What is the St. Lawrence Valley-Ontario Peninsula region known for? Its famous for its cheep electricity its proximity to the Great Lakes and proximity to the Canadian market.
What are some of the major industrial regions in western Europe? They are the Rhine-Ruhr Valley, the Mid-Rine, the United Kingdom, and Northern Italy.
What are some of the major industrial regions in eastern Europe? They are the Central Industrial District, the St. Petersburg Industrial District, the Eastern Ukraine Industrial District, the Volga Industrial District, the Urals Industrial District, the Kuznetsk Industrial District and Silesia.
Created by: edison student on 2009-03-02



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