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Chapter 7

Combining forms, suffixes, prefixes, & terms

cali/o, calic/o calyx (calix); cup shaped
cyst/o urinary bladder
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
trigon/o trigone (region of the bladder)
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
vesic/o urinary bladder
albumin/o albumin (a protein in the blood)
azot/o nitrogen
bacteri/o bacteria
dips/o thirst
kal/o potassium
ket/o, keton/o ketone bodies (ketoacids and acetone)
lith/o stone
natr/o sodium
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
-poietin substance that forms
py/o pus
-tripsy crushing
ur/o urine (urea)
urin/o urine
-uria urination; urine condition
arteriole small artery
calciferol active form of vitamin D, secreted by the kidney
calyx, calix cup-like collecting region of the renal pelvis
catheter tube for injecting or removing fluids
cortex outer region of an organ
creatinine nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
electrolyte chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water
erythropoietin (EPO) hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow
filtration process where some substances, but not all, pass through a filter
glomerular capsule enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus
glomerulus tiny ball of capillaries in the kidneys
hilum depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave
kidney one of two bean-shaped organs on either side of the backbone
meatus opening or canal
medulla inner region of an organ
nephron combination of glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney
nitrogenous waste substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine
potassium (K+) electrolyte regulated by the kidney so that a proper concentration is maintained within the blood
reabsorption process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream
renal artery blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney
renal pelvis central collecting region in the kidney
renal tubule microscopic tube in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration
renal vein blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and towards the heart
renin hormone secreted by the kidney
sodium (Na+) electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys
trigone triangular area in the urinary bladder
urea major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine
ureter one of the two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder
urethra tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uric acid nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine
urinary bladder hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine
urination (voiding) process of expelling urine; also called micturition
erythropoietin (EPO) a hormone that stimulates RBC production in the bone marrow
caliectasis widening of the calyx
caliceal pertaining tot he calyx
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystectomy removal of the urinary bladder
cystostomy new opening to urinary bladder
glomerular capsule capsule surrounding the glomerus
meatal stenosis narrowing of the opening or canal
paranephric pertaining to near the kidney
nephropathy disease of the kidneys
nephroptosis drooping or sagging kidney
nephrolithotomy removal of a kidney stone
hydronephrosis abnormal fluid in the kidney
nephrostomy new opening to the kidney
pyelolithotomy removal of a stone from the renal pelvis
renal ischemia to hold back blood from the kidney
renal colic kidney pain
trigonitis inflammation of the trigone
ureteroplasty surgical repair of the ureter
ureteroileostomy a new opening from the ureter to the small intestine
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethral stricture abnormal narrowing of the urethra
intravesical within the urinary bladder
vesicoureteral reflux urine flows from the bladder back to the ureters
albuminuria urine condition of the albumin
azotemia excessive nitrogen in the blood
bacteriuria bacteria in the urine (UTI)
polydipsia pertaining to excessive thirst
hyperkalemia excessive potassium in the blood
ketosis abnormal condition of ketone bodies
ketonuria ketone bodies in the urine
nephrolithiasis abnormal condition of kidney stones
hyponatremia low sodium in the blood
nocturia excessive urination at night
oliguria small amount of urine
erythropoietin substance that forms RBC's
pyuria pus in the urine
lithotripsy crushing of a stone
uremia urine products in the blood
enuresis bed wetting
diuresis complete formation of urine
antidiuretic hormone hormone that stops the production of urine
urinary incontinence loss of control of urine to the bladder
Created by: Stark Med Terms